02. BUILDING REQUIREMENTS



SECTION – B 

GENERAL BUILDING REQUIREMENTS 

18. REQUIREMENT OF SITES   

Any piece of land shall be used as a site for construction provided;   

(i) The proposed use conforms to the Master Plan, Zonal Plan under Meghalaya Town & Country Planning Act, 1973.  

(ii) The site is properly drained or capable of being drained.  

(iii) The site have proper means of access.  

(iv) The site is not prone to land slide.   

(v) Generally, no earth cutting shall be permitted in order to achieve more no. of basements and all building proposals shall follow the slope profile of the plot and such earth cutting shall be limited to a maximum of 3.00 meters only. However the Authority may relax the same owing to site conditions and the maximum earth cutting height shall be upto the crest of the RCC wall being limited to 6.00 m only.  

NO LAND SHALL BE USED AS A SITE FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDING-  

(i)  If the site is found to be liable to liquefaction as per soil survey report under the earthquake intensity of the area, except where appropriate protection measures are taken.  

(ii)  If the Authority finds that the proposed development falls in the area liable to flooding, except where protection measures are adopted to prevent flooding damage.  

19. REQUIREMENT OF SITE PLAN  

(i) In hilly terrain, the site plan should include location of landslide prone areas, if any, on or near the site, detected during reconnaissance. The Authority in such case shall cause to ensure that the site is away from such landslide prone areas.  

(ii) The site plan on a sloping site should also include proposals for diversion of the natural flow of water coming from uphill side of the building away from the foundation.   

20. EXTERIOR OPEN SPACE   

The building envelop shall be governed by the following minimum clear open space and setbacks:-   
(i)    Front setback  (a)  Every building abutting a street/footpath shall have a front setback with a minimum width of 3 meters from the front property line to the front building envelop.  

(b)  In case the site fronts on two streets, both of which are major roads, then the front setback shall be a minimum of 3.00 m from the edge of both the roads’ right of way.   

(c) In case the plot fronts two streets, one of which is a major road and the other a minor road but having the potential of being developed into a major road and or leading to an attraction zone(s), then the front setback shall be a minimum of 3.00 m from the edge of both roads’ right of way.  

(ii)Side and Rear setback  Every building shall have a minimum clear side and rear setback as prescribed in these byelaws. No use is permitted in this open space except steps and soak pit or in case this space is 3.00 m wherein parking of vehicles is allowed.  

 21. MINIMUM PLOT SIZES  

(i) Residential: - The minimum plot size shall be 93 Sq.m. In case of govt. lease properties the minimum plot size shall be as determined by the govt. from time to time.   

(ii)  For commercial: - The minimum plot size shall be 50 Sq.m with a minimum width of 6 metres.  

 (iii)  For services, light, cottage and handloom industries: - The minimum size of pot shall not be less than 50 Sq.m. For automobile workshop a minimum plot size shall be 300 sq.m.  

(iv)  For medium industry: - The minimum size of the plot shall be 10,000 sq.m.  

(v)  For auditorium, Museum, Library: - The minimum size of the plot shall be 1000 sq. mts.   

(vi)  For LIG/EWS Income Housing: - For categories falling under LIG/EWS, an income certificate from respective Deputy Commissioner is also required for waiving of building permission fees. Typical plan upto 50 mts sq. single storied building can be obtained from Meghalaya Urban Development Authority with nominal cost for obtaining building permission.        

22.  DISTANCE FROM ELECTRICITY LINES  

No verandah, Balcony or the like shall be allowed to be erected or re-erected or new addition or alteration made to a building within a distance quoted in Table-II below in accordance with the Current Indian Electricity Rules and its Amendments from time to time.  

TABLE-II 

    Vertically Horizontally
a) Low and Medium Voltage lines and services lines 2.5 meter 1.2.metre
b) High voltage lines upto and including 33,000 V. 3.7 meter 2.0 meter
c) Extra high voltage lines beyond 33.00 V 3.7. meter 2.0 meters(plus 0.3 (plus 0.3 meter   for   every   additional 30,000 V   30,000 V. or part
thereof )

23.  REQUIREMENT OF PARTS OF BUILDING   

Table III - Minimum Size and Width of Different Competent of residential Premises  

Table III  

Sl.No. Component of Building Min. requirement  for plots upto 50 sq.mt.
1. Habitable Room Area         7.50 sq.mt.
Width       2.10 mt.
2. Kitchen Area          3.30 sq.mt.
Width        1.50 mt.
3. Pantries Area
Width Height
4. Bathroom Area
Width
5. W.C. Area
Width
6. Combined Bath & W.C. Area
Width
7. Store Area
Width

TABLE- IV 

div>
Sl.
No.
Type of room Maximum Floor Area Minimum floor area Minimum height
1. Mezzanine Maximum 9.50 sq m. 3.00m
  floor coverage of 33.3
% of plinth area
   
    of the room size    
2. Loft Maximum coverage  26%
of room sizes
  1.50 m
3. Ledge Maximum
coverage  25% of room sizes.
  2.20 m.
4. Garages   3 x 6 sq.m 2.40 m.
5. Parapet     1.00 m.
6. Staircase Maximum height of riser =15 –
17.5 cm
Minimum length of tread = 27 –
30 cm
Max. no of steps in one single flight is 14

Note:  Maximum height of riser & tread for all types of special buildings & those above 12m height shall 15 cm & 30 cm respectively.   

24.   OTHER REQUIREMENT OF PARTS OF BUILDING  

24.1   Kitchen, Bathroom and Water closet:   Every kitchen, bathroom and water closet shall:-

 (i) be so planned that one of its wall shall open to external air by ventilator/exhaust fan etc.;

(ii) No room containing water-closets shall be used for any purpose except as a lavatory and no such room shall open directly into any kitchen or cooking space by a door, window or other opening. Every room containing watercloset shall have a door completely closing the entrance to it.   

iii) A flue, if found necessary for a kitchen and;  

(iv)  In case of 4-storey building, a refuse chute may be provided. They shall be constructed with the I.S. 6024-1973 Code of practice for construction of refuse chute in multi-storey building.  

TABLE  V

Combined Ventilation Shaft for Kitchen and Toilet

Height of the building (in floors.) Minimum size of ventilation shaft (in sq.m.) Minimum width of the shaft
(in m.)
Up to 4 floors 3.0 1.5

Provided further that no chajja shall be allowed in any ventilation shaft   Provided also that no ventilation shaft may be required for fully air-conditioned building, or mechanically ventilated toilet, kitchen, bath and water closet.    

24.2      Mezzanine Floor:    

 In case of a Mezzanine floor the following conditions shall be provided:-

 (i)  It conforms to the standards of living rooms as regards lighting and ventilation in case the area of mezzanine floor is 9.5 Sq.m or more.  

(ii)  It is so constructed so as not to interfere under any circumstances with the ventilation of the space over and below it;  

(iii)  Such mezzanine floor is not sub-divided into small compartments in case of residential buildings;  

 24.3    Plinth:  The plinth of any part of a building shall be raised above ground level or road level provided adequate drainage of site is assured. In no case, this shall not be less than 0.45 meter. Every interior court-yard or garage shall be raised by a minimum of 0.15 meter above ground level and shall be satisfactorily drained.

24.4    Roof:  The roof shall be so constructed permit effective drainage of the rain water thereof by means of sufficient rain water pipes of adequate sizes, joined and fixed so as to ensure dampness does not occur in any part of the walls or foundations of the buildings or those of an adjacent building.  

25.  PROVISION OF LIFTS

Provision of lifts shall be mandatory for Hospitals, Nursing Homes having more than one storey. For all other buildings viz. apartments, flats etc. more than 3 floors in height provision of a lift are mandatory.   

26. EXITS AND MEANS OF ACCESS

26.1  All exits and means of access shall be as per provisions of National Building Code 2005          

26.2  Minimum width provisions for Stairways.  The following minimum clear width provisions shall be made for each stairway:   

(a)   Residential building     -  1.00 mt          

Other residential building e.g. flats Hostels, group housing guest houses, etc.   -  1.20 mt

(b)  Assembly buildings like Auditorium theatres and         Cinemas.      -  2.0 mt  

(c)  All other buildings including hotels   -  1.5 mt  

(d)  Institutional building like hospitals   -  2.0 mt  

(e)  Educational building like School & Colleges  -  1.5 mt  

26.3. Minimum width provisions for passageway / corridors   The following minimum clear width provisions shall be made for each passage way / corridor:

(a)  Residential buildings, dwelling unit type  -  1.00 mt          Residential buildings, e.g. hostels etc  -  1.20 mt   

(iv)   Such mezzanine floor or any part of it shall not be used as a kitchen 

(b)  Assembly buildings like Auditorium theatres and        Cinemas      -  2.00 mt  

(c)  All other buildings including hotels   -  1.50 mt  

(d)  Hospital, Nursing homes etc    -  2.40 mt