Annexure 01:Sanitation



ANNEXURE -I

STANDARDS FOR SANITATION REQUIREMENTS 

Table No.1: Sanitation requirement for shops and commercial offices
Sl.
No.
Sanitary Unit / Fittings For Personnel
(a) (b) (c)
1. Water closet One for every 25 persons or part thereof exceeding 15 (including employees and customers).  For female personnel 1 for every 15 persons or part thereof exceeding 10.
2. Drinking Water Fountain One for every 100 person with a minimum of one on each floor.
3. Wash Basin One for every 25 persons or part thereof.
4. Urinals Same as Sl. No. 3 of Table for " Sanitation Requirements for Governmental and Public Business Occupancy and Offices"
5. Cleaners’ Sink One  per  floor  minimum,  preferably  in  or  adjacent  to sanitary rooms.
Note: Number of customers for the purpose of the above calculation shall be the average number of persons in the premises for a time interval of one hour during the peak period. For male- female calculation a ratio of 1: 1 may be assumed.

 

Table No. 2: Sanitation requirement for Hotels
Sl. No. Sanitary Unit For Residential Public staff For non-residential Staff
For male For female
(a) (b) (c) (d) (e)
1. Water Closet (W.C.) One per 8 Persons omitting occupants of the
attached water
closet minimum of 2 if both sexes are lodged
1 for 1-15 persons
2 for 16-35 persons
3 for 36-65 persons
4 for 66-100 persons
2 for 1-12 persons
4 for 13-25 persons
6 for 26-40 persons
8 for 41-57 persons
10for 58-77 persons 12for78-100 persons Add 1 for every 6
persons or part thereof.
2. Ablution Taps One in each W.C. One in each W.C. One in each W.C.
3. Urinals Nil Nil upto 6 persons 1 for 7-20 persons
2 for 21-45 persons
3 for 40-70 persons
4 for 71-100 persons
Nil
4. Wash Basins One per 10 persons omitting each basin 1 for 15 persons
2 for 16-35 persons
3 for 36-65 persons
1 for 1-12
2 for 13-25
3 for 26-40
    installed in the room / suite 4 for 66-100 persons 4 for 41-57
5. Baths One per 10 persons, less occupants of room with bath in suite Nil Nil
6. Cleaner’s Sinks One per 30 Bed rooms (one per floor minimum) Nil Nil
7. Kitchen Sink One in each Kitchen One in each Kitchen One in each Kitchen

 

Table No. 3: Sanitary requirements for Public Rest Room
Sl. No Sanitary Unit For Male For Female
(a) (b) (c) (d)
1. Water Closet One per 100 persons upto 400 persons; for over 400 add at the rate of one per 250 persons or part thereof. Two  for  100  persons  upto  200 persons; over 200 add at the rate of one per 100 persons or part thereof.
2. Ablution Taps One in each W.C. One in each W.C.
3. Urinals One    for    50    persons    or    part thereof. Nil, upto 6 persons 1 for 7-20 persons
2 for 21-45 persons
3 for 46-70 persons
4 for 71-100 persons
4. Washbasins One per WC/Urinal One per WC
5. Kitchen Sink One in each Kitchen One in each Kitchen
6. Baths (showers) One per 10 persons
7. Cleaner’s Sinks One per 30 Bed rooms (one per floor minimum)
Note:
i) It may be assumed that the two-thirds of the number are males and one- third females.
ii) One water tap with drainage arrangements shall be provided for every 50 persons or part thereof in the vicinity of water closet and urinals.

 

Table No.4: Sanitation requirement for Education Occupancy
Sl. No Sanitary Unit Boarding Institution Other Educational Institution
For Boys For Girls For Boys For Girls
(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)
1. Water Closet (W.C.) One  for  8 boys
or part thereof
One  for  6  girls or
part thereof
One  for  40 boys
or part thereof
One for 25 girls or part thereof
2. Ablution Taps One    in each W.C. One in each W.C. One in each W.C. One in each W.C.
3. Urinals One   per every
25 pupils or part thereof
-- One per every 20 pupils or part thereof --
4. Wash Basins One  for  every 8 pupils      or part
thereof
One  for every 6 pupils or part thereof One  for  every 60 pupils or part thereof One  for every  40 pupils or part thereof
5. Baths One  for  every 8 pupils    or part thereof One  for every 6 pupils or part thereof -- --
6. Drinking Water Fountains One for every 50 pupils    or part thereof One  for  every 50 pupils or part thereof One  for  every 50 pupils or part thereof One  for every  50 pupils or part thereof
7. Cleaner’s Sink One per Floor minimum One per Floor minimum One per Floor minimum One per Floor minimum

 

Table No. 5: Sanitation requirements for Educational Occupancy (Nursery School)
Sl.
No.
Sanitary Unit Requirement
(a) (b) (c)
1. Water Closet One for 15 boys, one for 6 girls
2. Ablution Taps One in each W.C.
3. Urinals One for 12 boys
4. Wash Basins One for every 15 pupils or part thereof
5. Baths One bath per 40 pupils
6. Drinking Water Fountains One for every 50 pupils or part thereof
7. Cleaner’s Sink One per Floor minimum
Note:
i) One water tap with draining arrangements shall be provided for every 50 persons or part thereof, in the vicinity of water closets and urinal.
ii) For teaching staff, the schedule of sanitary units to be provided shall be the same as in case of office buildings

 

Table No. 6: Sanitation requirements for Institutional (Medical) Occupancy- Hospital
Sl.
No.
Sanitary Unit Hospitals With indoor Patient Ward  For Males  and females Hospitals With outdoor Patient Wards
For Males For Females
(a) (b) (c) (d) (e)
1. Toilet Suite (1WC+ 1Washbasin+ 1 shower) Private room upto 4 persons For upto 4 patients
2. Water Closet (W.C.) One for every 8 beds or part thereof One  for  every 100 persons or part thereof One for every 25 persons or part thereof
3. Ablution taps One in each W.C. One in each W.C. One in each W.C.
4. Wash Basins Two upto 30 bed; add one for every additional 30 beds; or part thereof One for every 100 persons or part thereof One for every 25 persons or part thereof.
5. Baths with Shower One      bath     with shower for every 8 beds or part thereof. -- --
6. Bed pan washing sink One       for      each ward -- --
7. Cleaner’ Sinks One for each ward One per floor minimum One per floor minimum
8. Kitchen sinks and dish Washers (where Kitchen is provided) One for each ward -- --
9. Urinals One for  30 beds (male wards) One for every 50 persons or part thereof --
10. Drinking water Fountain One for each ward One for 500 persons or part thereof
Note: For teaching staff, the schedule of sanitary units to be provided shall be the same as in case of office buildings

 

Table No. 7: Sanitation requirements for Institutional – Hospital (Administrative Buildings)
Sl.
No.
Sanitary Unit For Males For Females
(a) (b) (c) (d)
1 Toilet Suite (1WC+ 1Washbasin+1shower) For individual doctor’s/officer’s rooms Toilet Suite (1WC+ 1Washbasin+1shower)
2 Water Closet (W.C.) One for every 25 persons or part thereof Water Closet (W.C.)
3 Ablution Taps One in each W.C. Ablution Taps
4 Wash Basins One for every 25 persons or part thereof Wash Basins
5 Baths with Shower One on each floor Baths with Shower
6 Cleaner’s Sink One per floor minimum Cleaner’s Sink
7 Kitchen sinks and dish Washers (where Kitchen is provided) One for each floor Kitchen sinks and dish Washers (where Kitchen is provided)
8   Nil upto 6 persons 1 for 7-20 persons
2 for 21-45 persons
3 for 46-70 persons
4 for 71-100 persons From 101 to 200 persons add at
the rate of 3%; for over 200
persons add at the rate of 2.5%.
 
9 Drinking water fountain One for 100 persons or part thereof

 

Table No. 8: Sanitation requirements for Institutional (Medical) Occupancy- (staff quarters and Hostels)
Sl.
No.
Sanitary Unit Doctor’s Dormitories Nurses Hostel
For Male Staff For female staff
(a) (b) (c) (d) (e)
1 Water Closet One for 4 persons One for 2 persons One for 2 persons or part thereof Two for 13-25
2 Ablution Taps One in each W.C. One in each W.C. One in each W.C.
3 Wash Basins One for every 8 persons or part thereof One for every 8 persons or part thereof One for every 8 persons or part thereof
4 Bath (with shower) One for every 4 persons or part thereof One for every 4 persons or part thereof One for every 4 persons or part thereof
5 Cleaner’s Sink One per floor minimum One per floor minimum One per floor minimum
6 Drinking water fountain One for 100 persons or part thereof One for 100 persons or part thereof

 

Table No. 9: Sanitation requirements for Governmental and Public Business Occupancy and Offices
Sl.
No.
Sanitary Unit For Male Personnel For female Personnel
(a) (b) (c) (d)
1. Water Closet (W.C.) One for 25 persons or part thereof Two for 15 persons or part thereof
2. Ablution taps One in each W.C. One in each W.C.
3 Urinals Nil upto 6 persons  
1 for 7-20 persons
2 for 21-45 persons
3 for 46-70 persons
4 for 71-100 persons
From 101 to 200 add @ 3%;
For over 200 persons add @ 2.5%.
4 Wash Basins One  for  every  25  persons  or  part thereof One for every 25 persons or part thereof
5 Drinking water fountains One  for  every  100  persons  with a minimum of one on each floor One for every 100 persons with a minimum of 1 on each floor
6 Cleaner’s Sinks One per floor minimum; preferably in or adjacent to sanitary rooms. --
7 Executive Room
/Conference Halls
Toilet Suite (1 WC, 1 washbasin, optional shower for 24 hr usages) Unit could be common for Male/Female or separate depending on the number of user of each facility
Note: One water tap with drainage arrangements shall be provided / 50 persons or part thereof in the vicinity.

 

Table  No.10:  Sanitation  Requirements  for  Assembly  Occupancy  Buildings  (Cinema,  Theaters, Auditoria. Etc.)
Sl.
No.
Sanitary Unit For Public For Staff
Male Female Male Female
(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)
1 Water Closet One for 100
persons upto 400 persons.
Four for 100
persons upto 200 persons.
One for 15 persons. Two for 1-12 persons.
For over 400 persons, add at the rate of 1 per 250 persons or part thereof For over 200 persons, add at the rate of 1 per 50 persons or part thereof Two for 16-35
persons.
Four for 13-25 persons add at the rate of 1 per 6 persons or part thereof
2 Ablution Taps One in each W.C. One in each W.C. One in each W.C One in each W.C
3 Urinals One for 50 persons or part thereof --- Nil upto 6 persons ---
One for 7-
20 persons
Two for 21-45
persons
4 Wash Basins One    for    every 200 persons or part thereof One   for every 200 persons  or part thereof One for 1-15
persons
One for 1-12 persons
Two for 16-35
persons
Two for 13-25 persons
5 Drinking Water fountain One per 100 persons or part thereof
6 Cleaner’s sink One per floor
7 Shower/bathing As per trade requirements
Note:
i) One water tap with draining arrangements shall be provided for every 50 persons or part thereof in the vicinity of water closets and urinals.
ii) It may be assumed that two thirds of the number is males and one third females.

 

Table No.11: Sanitation Requirements for Assembly Buildings (Art, Galleries, Libraries and Museums)
Sl.
No.
Sanitary Unit For Public For Staff
Male Female Male Female
(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)
1 Water Closet (W.C.) One for 200 persons up to 400 persons.
For over 400 persons, add  at  the rate  of  1 per  250 persons  or part thereof
Four for 100 persons up to  200 persons.
For over 200 persons, add at the rate of 1 per 50 persons or part thereof
One for  1 - 15 persons.
Two  for 16-
35 persons.
Two for 1-12 persons.
Four for 13-25 persons, add at the r a t e  o f  1 per 6 persons.
2 Ablution Taps One in each W.C. One in each W.C. One in each W.C One in each W.C
3 Urinals One for 50 persons or part thereof -- Nil upto 6 persons
One for 7-20 persons
Two  for 21-
45 persons
--
4 Wash Basins One for every 200 persons or part thereof.
For over 400 persons, add at the rate of 1 per 250 persons or part thereof.
One for every 200 persons or part hereof.
For  over 200 persons, add at the rate of 1 per 150 persons or part thereof
One for 1-
15 persons
Two for 16-
35
One for 1-12 persons
Two  for 13-25 persons
5 Cleaner’s Sink One per floor, minimum
6 Drinking water fountain One per 100 persons or part thereof
7 Shower/Bath As per trade requirements
Note: It may be assumed that two thirds of the numbers are males and one third females.

 

Table No.12: Sanitation Requirements for Restaurants
Sl.
No.
Sanitary Unit For Public For Staff
Male Female Male Female
(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)
1 Water Closet One per 50 seats upto 200 seats. One per 25 seats upto 200 seats. 1 for 15 persons. 2 for 1-12 persons.
For over 200 seats, add at the rate of 1 per 100 seats or part thereof For over 200  seats, add at the rate of 1 per 50 seats or part thereof 2 for 16-35 persons. 4 for 13-
25 persons
3 for 36-65 persons 6 for 26-
40 persons
4 for 66-
100 persons
8 for 41-
57 persons
  10 for 58-
77 persons
12 for 78-
100 persons
2 Ablution Taps One in each W.C. One in each W.C. One in each W.C One in each W.C
3 Urinals One for 50 persons   or part thereof --- Nil upto 6 persons ---
1 for 7-20 persons
2 for 21-45 persons
3 for  46-
70 persons.
4 for 71-
100
persons.
4 Wash Basins One for every water closet
5 Kitchen Sinks and Dish Washer One per each Kitchen
6 Service Sink One in the restaurant
Note:
i) It may be assumed that two thirds of the numbers are males and one-third females.
ii) One water tap with draining arrangements shall be provided for every 50 persons or part thereof in the vicinity of water closets and urinal.

 

Table No.13: Requirements for Factories
Sl.
No.
Sanitary Unit For Male Personnel For female Personnel
(a) (b) (c) (d)
1 Water Closet 1 for 15 persons 2 for 1-12 persons
2 for 16-35 persons 4 for 13-25 persons.
3 for 36-65 persons. 6 for 26-40 persons.
4 for 66-100 persons. 8 for 41-57 persons.
  10 for 58-77 persons.
  12 for 78-100 persons.
For 101 to 200 persons add at rate of 3%.   From over 200 persons, add at the rate of 2.5%. For 101 to 200 persons, add at the rate of 3%.  From over 200 persons add at the rate of 2%.
2 Ablution Taps One in each W.C One in each W.C.
3 Urinals Nil upto 6 persons  
1 for 7-20 persons
2 for 21-45 persons
3 for 46-70 persons
4 for 71-100 persons
From 101 to 200 persons add at the rate of 3%; for over 200
persons add at the rate of 2.5%.
4 Washing Taps with draining arrangement One for every 25 persons or part thereof
5 Drinking Water Fountains One for every 100 persons with a minimum of one on each floor
6 Baths Preferably Showers As required for particular trade or occupation 
7 Emergency shower and eye wash fountain  1 per every shop floor per 500 person
Note: i) For many trades of a dirty or dangerous character, more extensive provisions are required. ii) One water tap with draining arrangement shall be provided for every 50 persons or part thereof in the vicinity of water closet and urinal. iii) Creche where provided shall be fitted with water closets (One for 10 persons or part thereof), wash basins (1 for 15 persons or part thereof) and drinking water tap with drinking arrangement for every 50 persons or part thereof. 

 

Table No.14: Sanitary Requirements for Large Stations and Airports
Sl.
No.
Place W.C. for Males W.C. for Females Urinals for Males only
(a) (b) (c) (d) (e)
1 Junction Stations, Intermediate Stations and Substations 3 for first 1000 persons, add 1 for subsequent 1000 persons or part thereof. 8 for first 1000 persons, add 1 for every additional 1000 persons or part thereof. 4 for every 1000 person, add 1 for every additional 1000 persons or part thereof.
2 Terminal Stations and
Bus Terminals
4    for   first   1000 persons and 1 for
every additional 1000 persons or part thereof.
10 for every 1000 person and 1 for every additional 1000 persons or part thereof. 6 for every 1000 person and 1 for every additional 1000 persons or part thereof.
3 Domestic Airports     1 per 40 persons or part thereof.
Minimum 2* 4*
200 persons 5 16
400 persons 9 30
600 persons 12 40
800 persons 16 52
1000 persons 18 58
4 International Airports     1 per 40 persons or part thereof.
200 persons 6 20
600 persons 12 40
1000 persons 18 58
Note:—
(i) Provision for wash basins, baths including shower stalls, shall be in accordance with Drainage and Sanitation section of National Building Code of India.
(ii) At least one Indian style water closet shall be provided in each toilet. Assume 60 % males and 40 % females in any area.
(iii) At least 50 % of female WCs may be Indian pan and 50% EWC.

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