Annexure 03:Environmental



ANNEXURE –III 
Environmental Conditions for Buildings and Constructions 

Table No. 1: (CATEGORY '1': 5,000 to less than 20,000 Square meters)
MEDIUM SL.NO. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
Topography and Natural Drainage 1 The   natural   drain   system   should   be   maintained   for   ensuring unrestricted flow of water. No construction shall be allowed to obstruct the  natural  drainage  through  the  site.  No  construction  is  allowed  on wetland  and  water  bodies.  Check  dams,  bioswales,  landscape,  and other  sustainable  urban  drainage  systems  (SUDS)  are  allowed  for maintaining the drainage pattern and to harvest rain water.
Water   Use of water efficient appliances shall be promoted. The provisions of these regulations on rain water harvesting should be followed.
If provision is not available in these regulations, adequate provision for storage and recharge should be followed as per the Ministry of Urban Development Model Building Bye-Laws, 2016.
A rain water harvesting plan needs to be designed where the recharge bores (minimum one recharge bore per 5,000 square meters of built up area)  is  recommended.  Storage  and  reuse  of  the  rain  water  harvested should  be  promoted.  In  areas  where  ground  water  recharge  is  not feasible, the rain water should be harvested and stored for reuse. The ground  water  shall  not  be  withdrawn  without  approval  from  the Competent Authority.
All recharge should be limited to shallow aquifer.
Conservation,  
Rain Water  
Harvesting, 2
and  
Ground Water  
Recharge  
  2(a) At least 20% of the open spaces as required by these regulations shall be  pervious.  Use  of  Grass  pavers,  paver  blocks  with  at  least  50% opening, landscape etc. would be considered as pervious surface.
Waste Management 3 Solid waste: Separate wet and dry bins must be provided in each unit and at the ground level for facilitating segregation of waste.
Sewage: In areas where there is no municipal sewage network, onsite treatment systems should be installed. Natural treatment systems which integrate  with  the  landscape  shall  be  promoted.  As  far  as  possible treated effluent should be reused. The excess treated effluent shall be discharged following the CPCB norms.
Sludge from the onsite sewage treatment, including septic tanks, shall be  collected,  conveyed  and  disposed  as  per  the  Ministry  of  Urban Development,  Central  Public  Health  and  Environmental  Engineering Organisation (CPHEEO) Manual on Sewerage and Sewage Treatment Systems, 2013.
The provisions of the Solid Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 and the e-waste    (Management)    Rules,    2016,    and    the    Plastics    Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 shall be followed.
Energy 4 Compliance with the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) of Bureau of Energy Efficiency shall be ensured. Buildings in the States which  have  notified  their  own  ECBC,  shall  comply  with  the  State ECBC.
Outdoor  and  common  area  lighting  shall  be  Light  Emitting  Diode (LED).
    Solar,  wind  or  other  Renewable  Energy  shall  be  installed  to  meet electricity generation equivalent to 1% of the demand load or as per the state level/ BDA regulations requirement, whichever is higher.
Solar  water  heating  shall  be  provided  to  meet  20%  of  the  hot  water demand  of  the  commercial  and  institutional  building  or  as  per  the requirement  of  these  regulations,  whichever  is  higher.  Residential buildings  are  also  recommended  to  meet  its  hot  water  demand  from solar water heaters, as far as possible.
Concept of passive solar design that minimize energy consumption in buildings  by  using  design  elements,  such  as  building  orientation, landscaping,   efficient   building   envelope,   appropriate   fenestration, increased   day   lighting   design   and   thermal   mass   etc.   shall   be incorporated in the building design.
Wall, window, and roof u-values shall be as per ECBC specifications.
    Dust,  smoke  and  other  air  pollution  prevention  measures  shall  be provided  for  the  building  as  well  as  the  site.  These  measures  shall include  screens  for  the  building  under  construction,  continuous  dust/ wind  breaking  walls  all  around  the  site  (at  least  3  meter  height). Plastic/tarpaulin sheet covers shall be provided for vehicles bringing in sand,   cement,   murram   and   other   construction   materials   prone   to causing dust pollution at the site as well as taking out debris from the site.
    Sand,  murram,  loose  soil,  cement,  stored  on  site  shall  be  covered adequately so as to prevent dust pollution.
Air Quality and Noise 5 Wet  jet  shall  be  provided  for  grinding  and  stone  cutting.  Unpaved surfaces  and  loose  soil  shall  be  adequately  sprinkled  with  water  to suppress dust.
    All construction and demolition debris shall be stored at the site (and not  dumped  on  the  roads  or  open  spaces  outside)  before  they  are properly  disposed.  All  demolition  and  construction  waste  shall  be managed  as  per  the  provisions  of  the  Construction  and  Demolition Waste  Rules,  2016.  All  workers  working  at  the  construction  site  and involved  in  loading,  unloading,  carriage  of  construction  material  and construction debris or working in any area with dust pollution shall be provided with dust mask.
    For  indoor  air  quality  the  ventilation  provisions  as  per  National Building Code of India shall be made.
  5 (a) The location of the DG set and exhaust pipe height shall be as per the provisions of the CPCB norms.
Green Cover 6 A  minimum  of  1  tree  for  every  80  square  meters  of  land  should  be planted  and  maintained.  The  existing  trees  will  be  counted  for  this purpose. Preference should be given to planting native species.
  6 (a) Where the trees need to be cut, compensatory plantation in the ratio of 1:3 (i.e. planting of 3 trees for every 1 tree that is cut) shall be done and maintained.

 

Table No. 2: (Category '2': 20,000 to less than 50,000 Square meters)
MEDIUM SL.NO. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
Topography and
Natural Drainage
1 The natural drain system should be maintained for ensuring unrestricted flow  of  water.  No  construction  shall  be  allowed  to  obstruct  the  natural drainage  through  the  site.  No  construction  is  allowed  on  wetland  and water  bodies.  Check  dams,  bioswales,  landscape,  and  other  sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS) are allowed for maintaining the drainage pattern and to harvest rain water.
Buildings shall be designed to follow the natural topography as much as possible. Minimum cutting and filling should be done.
Water Conservation, Rain Water
Harvesting, and
Ground Water Recharge
2 A   complete   plan   for   rain   water   harvesting,   water   efficiency   and conservation should be prepared.
Use  of  water  efficient  appliances  should  be  promoted  with  low  flow fixtures or sensors.
The  provisions  of  these  regulations  on  rain  water  harvesting  should  be followed.  If  provision  is  not  available  in  these  regulations,  adequate provision for storage and recharge should be followed as per the Ministry of Urban Development Model Building Byelaws, 2016.
A  rain  water  harvesting  plan  needs  to  be  designed  where  the  recharge bores of minimum one recharge bore per 5,000 square meters of built up area  and  storage  capacity  of  minimum  one  day  of  total  fresh  water requirement shall be provided. In areas where ground water recharge is not feasible, the rain water should be harvested and stored for reuse. The ground   water   shall   not   be   withdrawn   without   approval   from   the Competent Authority.
All recharge should be limited to shallow aquifer
  2(a) At least 20% of the open spaces as required by these regulations shall be pervious. Use of Grass pavers, paver blocks with at least 50% opening, landscape etc. would be considered as pervious surface.
Waste Management 3 Solid waste: Separate wet and dry bins must be provided in each unit and at the ground level for facilitating segregation of waste.
Sewage:  Onsite  sewage  treatment  of  capacity  of  treating  100%  waste water  to  be  installed.  Treated  waste  water  shall  be  reused  on  site  for landscape,  flushing,  cooling  tower,  and  other  end-uses.  Excess  treated water shall be discharged as per CPCB norms. Natural treatment systems shall be promoted.
Sludge from the onsite sewage treatment, including septic tanks, shall be collected,   conveyed   and   disposed   as   per   the   Ministry   of   Urban Development,  Central  Public  Health  and  Environmental  Engineering Organisation  (CPHEEO)  Manual  on  Sewerage  and  Sewage  Treatment Systems, 2013.
The provisions of the Solid Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 and the e- waste (Management) Rules, 2016, and the Plastics Waste (Management) Rules, 2016 shall be followed.
  3 (a) All non-biodegradable waste shall be handed over to authorized recyclers for which a written tie up must be done with the authorized recyclers.
  3(b) Organic  waste  compost/  Vermiculture  pit  with  a  minimum  capacity  of
0.3 kg /person/day must be installed.
Energy 4 Compliance  with  the  Energy  Conservation  Building  Code  (ECBC)  of Bureau  of  Energy  Efficiency  shall  be  ensured.  Buildings  in  the  States
    which have notified their own ECBC, shall comply with the State ECBC. Outdoor and common area lighting shall be LED.
Concept  of  passive  solar  design  that  minimize  energy  consumption  in buildings   by   using   design   elements,   such   as   building   orientation, landscaping,   efficient   building   envelope,   appropriate   fenestration, increased day lighting design and thermal mass etc. shall be incorporated in the building design.
Wall, window, and roof u-values shall be as per ECBC specifications.
  4 (a) Solar,  wind  or  other  Renewable  Energy  shall  be  installed  to  meet electricity generation equivalent to 1% of the demand load or as per the state level/ BDA regulations requirement, whichever is higher.
  4 (b) Solar  water  heating  shall  be  provided  to  meet  20%  of  the  hot  water demand  of  the  commercial  and  institutional  building  or  as  per  the requirement   of   these   regulations,   whichever   is   higher.   Residential buildings are also recommended to meet its hot water demand from solar water heaters, as far as possible.
  4 (c) Use  of  environment  friendly   materials  in  bricks,  blocks  and  other construction   materials,   shall   be   required   for   at   least   20%   of   the construction   material   quantity.   These   include   flyash   bricks,   hollow bricks, AACs, Fly Ash Lime Gypsum blocks, Compressed earth blocks, and other environment friendly materials.
Fly ash should be used as building material in the construction as per the provisions of the Fly Ash Notification of September, 1999 as amended from time to time.
Air Quality and Noise 5 Dust,   smoke   and   other   air   pollution   prevention   measures   shall   be provided  for  the  building  as  well  as  the  site.  These  measures  shall include  screens  for  the  building  under  construction,  continuous  dust/ wind  breaking  walls  all  around  the  site  (at  least  3  meter  height). Plastic/tarpaulin sheet covers shall be provided for vehicles bringing in sand, cement, murram and other construction materials prone to causing dust pollution at the site as well as taking out debris from the site.
Sand,  murram,  loose  soil,  cement,  stored  on  site  shall  be  covered adequately so as to prevent dust pollution.
Wet  jet  shall  be  provided  for  grinding  and  stone  cutting.  Unpaved surfaces  and  loose  soil  shall  be  adequately  sprinkled  with  water  to suppress dust.
All construction and demolition debris shall be stored at the site (and not dumped  on  the  roads  or  open  spaces  outside)  before  they  are  properly disposed. All demolition and construction waste shall be managed as per the provisions of the Construction and Demolition Waste Rules 2016.
All  workers  working  at  the  construction  site  and  involved  in  loading, unloading,  carriage  of  construction  material  and  construction  debris  or working  in  any  area  with  dust  pollution  shall  be  provided  with  dust mask.
For indoor air quality the ventilation provisions as per National Building Code of India.
  5 (a) The location of the DG set and exhaust pipe height shall be as per the provisions of the CPCB norms.
Green Cover 6 A  minimum  of  1  tree  for  every  80  square  meters  of  land  should  be planted  and  maintained.  The  existing  trees  will  be  counted  for  this purpose. Preference should be given to planting native species.
  6 (a) Where the trees need to be cut, compensatory plantation in the ratio of 1:3 (i.e. planting of 3 trees for every 1 tree that is cut) shall be done and
maintained.

Top Soil preservation and reuse

 

7 Topsoil should be stripped to a depth of 20 cm from the areas proposed for buildings, roads, paved areas, and external services.
It  should  be  stockpiled  appropriately  in  designated  areas  and  reapplied during plantation of the proposed vegetation on site.
Transport 8 A comprehensive mobility plan, as per MoUD best practices guidelines (URDPFI),   shall   be   prepared   to   include   motorized,   non-motorized, public, and private networks.
Road  should  be  designed  with  due  consideration  for  environment,  and safety  of  users.  The  road  system  can  be  designed  with  these  basic criteria.
Hierarchy of roads with proper segregation of vehicular and pedestrian traffic.
Traffic calming measures.
Proper design of entry and exit points. Parking norms as per local regulation.

 

Table No. 3: (Category ’3’: 50000 to 150000 Square meters)
MEDIUM SL.NO. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
Topography and Natural Drainage 1 The   natural   drain   system   should   be   maintained   for   ensuring unrestricted  flow  of  water.  No  construction  shall  be  allowed  to obstruct  the  natural  drainage  through  the  site.  No  construction  is allowed   on   wetland   and   water   bodies.   Check   dams,   bioswales, landscape, and other sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS) are allowed for maintaining the drainage pattern and to harvest rain water.
    Buildings shall be designed to follow the natural topography as much as possible. Minimum cutting and filling should be done.
    A  complete  plan  for  rain  water  harvesting,  water  efficiency  and conservation should be prepared.
Water conservation –
Rain Water Harvesting
and Ground Water
Recharge
2 The provisions of these regulations on rain water harvesting should be followed. If provisions are not available in these regulations, adequate provision  for  storage  and  recharge  should  be  followed  as  per  the Ministry of Urban Development Model Building Byelaws, 2016.
A rain water harvesting plan needs to be designed where the recharge bores of minimum one recharge bore per 5,000 square meters of built up area and storage capacity of minimum one day of total fresh water requirement shall be provided. In areas where ground water recharge is not feasible, the rain water should be harvested and stored for reuse. The ground water shall not be withdrawn without approval from the Competent  Authority.  All  recharge  should  be  limited  to  shallow aquifer.
  2(a) At least 20% of the open spaces as required by these regulations shall be  pervious.  Use  of  Grass  pavers,  paver  blocks  with  at  least  50% opening, landscape etc. would be considered as pervious surface.
  2 (b) Use  of  water  efficient  appliances  should  be  promoted.  Low  flow fixtures or sensors be used to promote water conservation.
  2 (c) Separation of grey and black water should be done by the use of dual plumbing system. In case of single stack system separate recirculation lines for flushing by giving dual plumbing system be done.
Solid Waste Management 3 Solid waste: Separate wet and dry bins must be provided in each unit and  at  the  ground  level  for  facilitating  segregation  of  waste.  The provisions  of  the  Solid  Waste  (Management)  Rules  2016  and  the  e- waste    (Management)    Rules    2016,    and    the    Plastics    Waste (Management) Rules 2016 shall be followed.
  3 (a) All  non-biodegradable  waste  shall  be  handed  over  to  authorized recyclers for which a written tie up must be done with the authorized recyclers.
  3(b) Organic waste composter/Vermiculture pit with a minimum capacity of 0.3 kg /person/day must be installed.
Sewage Treatment Plant 4 Onsite sewage treatment of capacity of treating 100% waste water to be installed. Treated waste water shall be reused on site for landscape, flushing, cooling tower, and other end-uses. Excess treated water shall be discharged as per CPCB norms. Natural treatment systems shall be promoted.
Sludge from the onsite sewage treatment, including septic tanks, shall be  collected,  conveyed  and  disposed  as  per  the  Ministry  of  Urban Development,  Central  Public  Health  and  Environmental  Engineering Organisation (CPHEEO) Manual on Sewerage and Sewage Treatment Systems, 2013.
Energy 5 Compliance with the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) of Bureau of Energy Efficiency shall be ensured. Buildings in the States which  have  notified  their  own  ECBC,  shall  comply  with  the  State ECBC.
Outdoor and common area lighting shall be LED. Concept of passive solar design that minimize energy consumption in buildings by using design  elements,  such  as  building  orientation,  landscaping,  efficient building  envelope,  appropriate  fenestration,  increased  day  lighting design  and  thermal  mass  etc.  shall  be  incorporated  in  the  building design.  Wall,  window,  and  roof  u-values  shall  be  as  per  ECBC specifications.
  5 (a) Solar,  wind  or  other  Renewable  Energy  shall  be  installed  to  meet electricity generation equivalent to 1% of the demand load or as per the state level/ BDA regulations requirement, whichever is higher.
  5 (b) Solar  water  heating  shall  be  provided  to  meet  20%  of  the  hot  water demand  of  the  commercial  and  institutional  building  or  as  per  the requirement  of  these  regulations,  whichever  is  higher.  Residential buildings  are  also  recommended  to  meet  its  hot  water  demand  from solar water heaters, as far as possible.
  5 (c) Use  of  environment  friendly  materials  in  bricks,  blocks  and  other construction  materials,  shall  be  required  for  at  least  20%  of  the construction  material  quantity.  These  include  fly-ash  bricks,  hollow bricks,  AACs,  Fly  Ash  Lime  Gypsum  blocks,  Compressed  earth blocks, and other environment friendly materials.
Fly ash should be used as building material in the construction as per the  provisions  of  the  Fly  Ash  Notification  of  September,  1999  as amended from time to time.
Air Quality and Noise 6 Dust,  smoke  and  other  air  pollution  prevention  measures  shall  be provided  for  the  building  as  well  as  the  site.  These  measures  shall include screens for the building under construction, continuous dust/ wind  breaking  walls  all  around  the  site  (at  least  3  meter  height). Plastic/tarpaulin sheet covers shall be  provided for vehicles bringing in  sand,  cement,  murram  and  other  construction  materials  prone  to causing dust pollution at the site as well as taking out debris from the site. Wheel washing for the vehicles used be done.
Sand,  murram,  loose  soil,  cement,  stored  on  site  shall  be  covered adequately so as to prevent dust pollution.
Wet  jet  shall  be  provided  for  grinding  and  stone  cutting.  Unpaved surfaces  and  loose  soil  shall  be  adequately  sprinkled  with  water  to suppress dust.
All construction and demolition debris shall be stored at the site (and not  dumped  on  the  roads  or  open  spaces  outside)  before  they  are properly  disposed.  All  demolition  and  construction  waste  shall  be managed  as  per  the  provisions  of  the  Construction  and  Demolition Waste Rules 2016.
All workers working at the construction site and involved in loading, unloading, carriage of construction material and construction debris or working  in  any  area  with  dust  pollution  shall  be  provided  with  dust mask.
For  indoor  air  quality  the  ventilation  provisions  as  per  National Building Code of India.
  6 (a) The location of the DG set and exhaust pipe height shall be as per the provisions of the CPCB norms.
Green Cover 7 A minimum of 1 tree for every 80 square meters of land should be planted and maintained. The existing trees will be counted for this purpose. Preference should be given to planting native species.
  7 (a) Where the trees need to be cut, compensatory plantation in the ratio of 1:3 (i.e. planting of 3 trees for every 1 tree that is cut) shall be done and maintained.
Top Soil Preservation and Reuse 8 Topsoil should be stripped to a depth of 20 cm from the areas proposed for buildings, roads, paved areas, and external services. It should be stockpiled appropriately in designated areas and reapplied during plantation of the proposed vegetation on site.
Transport 9 A comprehensive mobility plan, as per MoUD best practices guidelines (URDPFI), shall be prepared to include motorized, non-
motorized, public, and private networks. Road should be designed
    with due consideration for environment, and safety of users. The road system can be designed with these basic criteria.
Hierarchy of roads with proper segregation of vehicular and pedestrian traffic.
Traffic calming measures.
Proper design of entry and exit points. Parking norms as per local regulation.
Environment Management Plan 10 An Environmental Management Plan (EMP) shall be prepared and implemented to ensure compliance with the environmental conditions specified in item number 1 to 9 above. A dedicated Environment Monitoring Cell with defined functions and responsibility shall be put in place to implement the EMP. The environmental cell shall ensure that the environment infrastructure like Sewage Treatment Plant, Landscaping, Rain Water Harvesting, Energy efficiency and conservation, water efficiency and conservation, solid waste management, renewable energy etc. are kept operational and meet the required standards. The environmental cell shall also keep the record of environment monitoring and those related to the environment infrastructure.

PART-II:

Accreditation of Environmental Auditors (Qualified Building Auditors)

(See Chapter-IX of these regulations)  

1)Provision of QBEA:

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), through qualified agencies shall accredit the Qualified Building Environment Auditors (QBEAs). The Qualified Building Environment Auditors could be a firm / organization or an individual expert, who fulfils the requirements. The Ministry will implement this process of accreditation through Quality Council of India (QCI), National Productivity Council or any other organization identified by the Government. The organizations like Indian Green Building Council, Bureau of Energy Efficiency etc. can also be associated in the process of accreditation, training, and renewal. The environmental consultants accredited by the QCI for building sector will be qualified as QBEAs. The QBEAs will meet the following criteria.  

2)Qualifications of the Auditor:

(i) Education: Architect (Degree or Diploma), Town Planners (Degree), Civil Engineer / Mechanical Engineer (Degree or Diploma), PG in Environmental Science or any other qualification as per the scheme of the accreditatio

(ii) Training: Mandatory training to be given by the accreditation body or their approved training providers. This will be as per the scheme of the accreditation.

(iii) Experience: At least 3 years of work experience in the related field or building sector Environment Impact Assessment consultants accredited by QCI or any other experience criteria as per the scheme of the accreditation.

(iv) Infrastructure and equipment: As per the scheme of the accreditatio

 Note.— The accrediting agency can improvise on these criteria. 

3) Renewal:

The accreditation will be valid for 5 years and will be renewed as per the process developed under the accreditation scheme.  

4)Accountability/Complaint redressal mechanism:

Any complaints regarding the quality of the work of QBEAs shall be made to the accreditation body. The accreditation body shall evaluate the complaint and take appropriate action including black listing or cancellation of the accreditation with wide public notice. This will be in addition to the action at the level of Bhubaneswar Development Authority for penalty and blacklisting. The Ministry can also take such action in case of specific complaint or feedback

PART-III:

Environmental Cell at the level of Authority

(See Chapter-IX of these regulations)  

1)Provision of Environmental Cell:

An Environmental Cell shall be setup in Bhubaneswar Development Authority to support compliance and monitoring of environmental conditions in buildings. The Cell shall also provide assistance in environmental planning and capacity building within its jurisdiction. The responsibility of this cell shall be monitoring of implementation of Chapter-IX of these regulations and to provide an oversight to the Third-Party Auditing process. The cell shall function under administrative control of a member of Authority as decided by the Vice Chair-person.  

2)Constitution of the cell:

The cell shall comprise of at least 3 dedicated experts in following fields:

(i) Waste management (solid and liquid)

(ii) Water conservation and management

(iii) Resource efficiency including Building materials

(iv) Energy Efficiency and renewable energy

(v) Environmental planning including air quality management.

(vi) Transport planning and management. 

Note:—The Cell shall induct at least two outside experts as per the requirements and background of dedicated experts. Existing environmental cell/branch of Bhubaneswar Development Authority can be co-opted and trained for this Cell.  

3)Financial Support:

An additional fee shall be charged along with processing fee for building permission for integrating environmental conditions and it’s monitoring. The Authority can fix and revise this additional fee from time to time. The amount of this fee shall be deposited in a separate bank account, and used for meeting the requirement of salary / emoluments of experts and running the system of online application, verifications and the Environmental Cell.  

4)Functions of the Cell

 (i) The Cell shall be responsible for assessing and appraising the environmental concerns of the area under their jurisdiction where building activities are proposed. The Cell can evolve and propose additional environmental conditions as per requirements. These conditions may be area specific and shall be notified in advance from time to time. These additional conditions shall be approved following a due consultation process. These environmental conditions shall be integrated in building permissions issued by BDA. 

(ii) Develop and maintain an online system for application and payment of fees. The Cell shall maintain an online database of all applications received, projects approved, the compliance audit report, random inspections made. The Cell shall maintain a portal for public disclosure of project details including self-certification and compliance audit reports filed by the Qualified Building Environment Auditors for public scrutiny of compliance of environmental conditions by the project.

(iii) Monitoring the work of Environmental Audit process carried by the Qualified Building Environment Auditors.

(iv) The Cell shall review the applications; finalize the additional environmental conditions if required within 30 days of the submission of the application to the BDA.

(v) The Cell shall adopt risk based random selection of projects for verifying on site for certification of QBEA, compliance of environmental conditions and five yearly audit report.

(vi) The Cell shall recommend to the Authority for financial penalty for non-compliance of environmental conditions by the project proponent. (vii) The Cell shall recommend to the accrediting body and the Authority against any Qualified Building Environment Auditor, if any lapse is found in their work.   

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