Environmental Conditions for Buildings and Constructions
New Delhi, the 14th November, 2018
[S.O. 5733(E).—In exercise of the powers conferred by section 23 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986), the Central Government hereby delegates the power to local bodies such as Municipalities, Development Authorities, District Panchayatsas the case may be,to ensure the compliance of the environmental conditions as specified in the Appendix in respect of building or construction projects with built-up area >20,000 sq. mtrs. To 50,000 sq. mtrs. and industrial sheds, educational institutions, hospitalsand hostels for educational institutions20,000 sqmupto 1,50,000 sqm along with building permissionand to ensure that theconditions specified in Appendix are complied with, before granting the occupation certificate/completion certificate.]
Environmental Conditions for Buildings and Constructions
(Category: Building or Construction projects or Area Development projects and Townships 20,000 to <50,000Square meters as well as for industrial sheds, educational institutions, hospitals and hostels for educational institutionsfrom 20,000 sq.mto<1,50,000 sq.m)
||Topography and Natural
|The natural drain system shall be maintained for ensuring unrestricted flow of water. No construction shall be allowed to obstruct the natural drainage through the site. No construction is allowed on wetland and water bodies. Check dams, bio-swales, landscape, and other sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS) are allowed for maintaining the drainage pattern and to harvest rain water.
Buildings shall be designed to follow the natural topography as much as possible. Minimum cutting and filling should be done.
|| Water Conservation,Rain Water Harvesting and Ground Water Recharge
||A complete plan for rain water harvesting, water efficiency and conservation should be prepared and implemented. Use of water efficient appliances should be promoted with low flow fixtures or sensors.
The local bye-law provisions on rain water harvesting should be followed. If local bye-law provision is not available, adequate provision for storage and recharge should be followed as per the Ministry of Urban Development Model Building Bye-laws, 2016.
A rain water harvesting plan needs to be designed where the recharge bores of minimum one recharge bore per 5,000 square meters of built up area and storage capacity of minimum one day of total fresh water requirement shall be provided. In areas where ground water recharge is not feasible, the rain water should be harvested and stored for reuse. The ground water shall not be withdrawn without approval from the Competent Authority.
All recharge should be limited to shallow aquifer.
||At least 20 per cent of the open spaces as required by the local building bye- laws shall be pervious. Use of Grass pavers, paver blocks, landscape etc. with at least 50 per cent opening in pavingwhich would be considered as pervious surface.
||Solid waste: Separate wet and dry bins must be provided in each unit and at the ground level for facilitating segregation of waste.
Sewage: Onsite sewage treatment of capacity of treating 100 per cent waste water to be installed. Treated waste water shall be reused on site for landscape, flushing, cooling tower, and other end-uses. Excess treated water shall be discharged as per statutory norms notified by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. Natural treatment systems shall be promoted.
Sludge from the onsite sewage treatment, including septic tanks, shall be collected, conveyed and disposed as per the Ministry of Urban Development, Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation(CPHEEO)Manual on Sewerage and Sewage Treatment Systems, 2013.
The provisions of the Solid Waste (Management) Rules 2016 and the e-waste (Management) Rules 2016, and the Plastics Waste (Management) Rules 2016 shall be followed.
||All non-biodegradable waste shall be handed over to authorized recyclers for which a written tie up must be done with the authorized recyclers.
||Organic waste compost/ Vermiculture pit with a minimum capacityof 0.3 kg per person per day must be installed.
||Compliance with the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) of Bureau of Energy Efficiency shall be ensured. Buildings in the States which have notified their own ECBC, shall comply with the State ECBC.
Outdoor and common area lighting shall be Light Emitting Diode (LED). Concept of passive solar design that minimize energy consumption in buildings by using design elements, such as building orientation, landscaping, efficient building envelope, appropriate fenestration, increased day lighting design and thermal mass etc. shall be incorporated in the building design.
Wall, window, and roof u-values shall be as per ECBC specifications.
||Solar, wind or other Renewable Energy shall be installed to meet electricity generation equivalent to 1 per cent of the demand load or as per the state level/ local building bye-laws requirement, whichever is higher.
||Solar water heating shall be provided to meet 20 per cent of the hot water demand of the commercial and institutional building or as per the requirement of the local building bye-laws, whichever is higher. Residential buildings are also recommended to meet its hot water demand from solar water heaters, as far as possible.
||Use of environment friendly materials in bricks, blocks and other construction materials, shall be required for at least 20 per cent of the construction material quantity. These include flyash bricks, hollow bricks, Autoclaved Aerated
Concrete (AAC), Fly Ash Lime Gypsum blocks, Compressed earth blocks, and
||other environment friendly materials.
Fly ash should be used as building material in the construction as per the provisions of the Fly Ash Notification,S.O. 763(E) dated 14th September, 1999 as amended from time to time.
||Air Quality and Noise
||Roads leading to or at construction sites must be paved and blacktopped (i.e. metallic roads).
No excavation of soil shall be carried out without adequate dust mitigation measures in place.
No loose soil or sand or Construction & Demolition Waste or any other construction material that causes dust shall be left uncovered.
Wind-breaker of appropriate height i.e. 1/3rd of the building height and maximum up to 10 meters shall be provided.
Water sprinkling system shall be put in place.
Dust mitigation measures shall be displayed prominently at the construction site for easy public viewing.
Grinding and cutting of building materials in open area shall be prohibited. Construction material and waste should be stored only within earmarked area and road side storage of construction material and waste shall be prohibited.
No uncovered vehicles carrying construction material and waste shall be permitted.
Construction and Demolition Waste processing and disposal site shall be identified and required dust mitigation measures be notified at the site
Dust, smoke and other air pollution prevention measures shall be provided for the building as well as the site.
Wet jet shall be provided for grinding and stone cutting.
Unpaved surfaces and loose soil shall be adequately sprinkled with water to suppress dust.
All demolition and construction waste shall be managed as per the provisions of the Construction and Demolition Waste Rules 2016.
All workers working at the construction site and involved in loading, unloading, carriage of construction material and construction debris or working in any area with dust pollution shall be provided with dust mask.
For indoor air quality the ventilation provisions as per National Building Code of India.
||The location of the Genset and exhaust pipe height shall be as per the provisions of the statutory norms notified by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
The Genset installed for the project shall follow the emission limits, noise limits and general conditions notified by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change vide GSR 281(E) dated 7th March 2016 as amended from time to time.
||A minimum of 1 tree for every 80 sq.mt. of land should be planted and maintained. The existing trees will be counted for this purpose. Preference should be given to planting native species.
||Where the trees need to be cut, compensatory plantation in the ratio of 1:3 (i.e. planting of 3 trees for every 1 tree that is cut) shall be done and maintained.
preservation and reuse
|Topsoil should be stripped to a depth of 20 cm from the areas proposed for buildings, roads, paved areas, and external services.
It should be stockpiled appropriately in designated areas and reapplied during plantation of the proposed vegetation on site.
||The building plan shall be aligned with the approved comprehensive mobility plan (as per Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs best practices guidelines (URDPFI)).
Note :The principal rules were published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, Section 3, Sub-section (ii) vide number S.O. 1533 (E), dated the 14th September, 2006 and subsequently amended vide the following numbers: -
1. S.O. 1949 (E) dated the 13th November, 2006
2. S.O. 1737 (E) dated the 11th October, 2007;
3. S.O. 3067 (E) dated the 1st December, 2009;
4. S.O. 695 (E) dated the 4th April, 2011;
5. S.O. 156 (E) dated the 25th January, 2012;
6. S.O. 2896 (E) dated the 13th December, 2012;
7. S.O. 674 (E) dated the 13th March, 2013;
8. S.O. 2204 (E) dated the 19th July 2013;
9. S.O. 2555 (E) dated the 21st August, 201
10S.O. 2559 (E) dated the 22nd August, 2013;
11 S.O. 2731 (E) dated the 9th September, 2013;
12 S.O. 562 (E) dated the 26th February, 2014;
13.S.O. 637 (E) dated the 28th February, 2014;
14.S.O. 1599 (E) dated the 25th June, 2014;
15.S.O. 2601 (E) dated the 7th October, 2014;
16.S.O. 2600 (E) dated the 9th October, 2014
17.S.O. 3252 (E) dated the 22nd December, 2014;
18.S.O. 382 (E) dated the 3rd. February, 2015;
19.S.O. 811 (E) dated the 23rd. March, 2015;
20.S.O. 996 (E) dated the 10th April, 2015;
21 S.O. 1142 (E) dated the 17th April, 2015;
22.S.O. 1141 (E) dated the 29th April, 2015;
23.S.O. 1834 (E) dated the 6th July, 2015;
24.S.O. 2571 (E) dated the 31st August, 2015;
25.S.O. 2572 (E) dated the 14th September, 2015;
26.S.O. 141 (E) dated the 15th January, 2016;
27.S.O. 648 (E) dated the 3rd March, 2016;
28.S.O. 2269(E) dated the 1st July, 2016;
29.S.O. 2944(E) dated the 14th September, 2016;
30.S.O. 3518 (E) dated 23rd November 2016;
31.S.O. 3999 (E) dated the 9th December, 2016;
32.S.O. 4241(E) dated the 30th December, 2016; and
33.S.O. 3611(E) dated the 25th July, 2018.