Environmental Conditions

Environmental Conditions for Buildings and Constructions

New Delhi, the 14th November, 2018

[S.O. 5733(E).—In exercise of the powers conferred by section 23 of the Environment  (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986), the Central Government hereby delegates the power to local bodies such as Municipalities, Development Authorities, District Panchayatsas the case may be,to ensure the compliance of the environmental conditions as specified in the Appendix in respect of building or construction projects with built-up area >20,000 sq. mtrs. To 50,000 sq. mtrs. and industrial sheds, educational institutions, hospitalsand hostels for educational institutions20,000 sqmupto 1,50,000 sqm along with building permissionand to ensure that theconditions specified in Appendix are complied with, before granting the occupation certificate/completion certificate.]

Environmental Conditions for Buildings and Constructions

(Category: Building or Construction projects or Area Development projects and Townships 20,000 to <50,000Square meters as well as for industrial sheds, educational institutions, hospitals and hostels for educational institutionsfrom 20,000 sq.mto<1,50,000 sq.m)

(1) (2) (3)
1 Topography       and Natural
The natural drain system shall be maintained for ensuring unrestricted flow of water. No construction shall be allowed to obstruct the natural drainage through the site. No construction is allowed on wetland and water bodies. Check dams, bio-swales, landscape, and other sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS) are allowed for maintaining the drainage pattern and to harvest rain water.
Buildings  shall  be  designed  to  follow  the  natural  topography  as  much  as possible. Minimum cutting and filling should be done.
 2  Water Conservation,Rain Water Harvesting and Ground Water Recharge A  complete  plan  for  rain  water  harvesting,  water  efficiency  and  conservation should be prepared and implemented. Use of water efficient appliances should be promoted with low flow fixtures or sensors.
The  local  bye-law  provisions  on  rain  water  harvesting  should  be  followed.  If local  bye-law  provision  is  not  available,  adequate  provision  for  storage  and recharge should be followed as per the Ministry of Urban Development Model Building Bye-laws, 2016.
A rain water harvesting plan needs to be designed where the recharge bores of minimum one recharge bore per 5,000 square meters of built up area and storage capacity of minimum one day of total fresh water requirement shall be provided. In areas where ground  water recharge is not feasible, the rain water should be harvested and stored for reuse. The ground water shall not be withdrawn without approval from the Competent Authority.
All recharge should be limited to shallow aquifer.
2(a)   At least 20  per cent of the open spaces as required  by the  local building bye- laws shall be pervious. Use of Grass pavers, paver blocks, landscape etc. with at least  50  per  cent  opening  in  pavingwhich  would  be  considered  as  pervious surface.
3 Waste Management Solid waste: Separate wet and dry bins must be provided in each unit and at the ground level for facilitating segregation of waste.
Sewage:  Onsite  sewage  treatment  of  capacity  of  treating  100  per  cent  waste water to be installed. Treated waste water shall be reused on site for landscape, flushing,  cooling  tower,  and  other  end-uses.    Excess  treated  water  shall  be discharged as per statutory norms notified by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. Natural treatment systems shall be promoted.
Sludge  from  the  onsite  sewage  treatment,  including  septic  tanks,  shall  be collected,  conveyed  and  disposed  as  per  the  Ministry  of  Urban  Development, Central          Public          Health         and          Environmental          Engineering Organisation(CPHEEO)Manual  on  Sewerage  and  Sewage  Treatment  Systems, 2013.
The provisions of the  Solid  Waste (Management)  Rules 2016  and  the e-waste (Management)  Rules  2016,  and  the  Plastics  Waste  (Management)  Rules  2016 shall be followed.
3 (a)   All  non-biodegradable  waste  shall  be  handed  over  to  authorized  recyclers  for which a written tie up must be done with the authorized recyclers.
3(b)   Organic waste compost/ Vermiculture pit with a minimum capacityof 0.3 kg per person per day must be installed.
4 Energy Compliance with the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) of Bureau of Energy Efficiency shall be ensured. Buildings in the States which have notified their own ECBC, shall comply with the State ECBC.
Outdoor and common area lighting shall be Light Emitting Diode (LED). Concept of passive solar design that minimize energy consumption in buildings by  using  design  elements,  such  as  building  orientation,  landscaping,  efficient building  envelope,  appropriate  fenestration,  increased  day  lighting  design  and thermal mass etc. shall be incorporated in the building design.
Wall, window, and roof u-values shall be as per ECBC specifications.
4 (a)   Solar,  wind  or  other  Renewable  Energy  shall  be  installed  to  meet  electricity generation equivalent to 1 per cent of the demand load or as per the state level/ local building bye-laws requirement, whichever is higher.
4 (b)   Solar  water  heating  shall  be  provided  to  meet  20  per  cent  of  the  hot  water demand of the commercial and institutional building or as per the requirement of the local building bye-laws, whichever is higher. Residential buildings are also recommended to meet its hot water demand from solar water heaters, as far as possible.
4 (c)   Use of environment friendly materials in bricks, blocks and other construction materials, shall be required for at least 20 per cent of the construction material quantity.     These  include  flyash  bricks,  hollow  bricks,  Autoclaved  Aerated
Concrete (AAC), Fly Ash Lime Gypsum blocks, Compressed earth blocks, and
    other environment friendly materials.
Fly  ash  should  be  used  as  building  material  in  the  construction  as  per  the provisions of the Fly Ash Notification,S.O. 763(E) dated 14th September, 1999 as amended from time to time.
5 Air Quality and Noise Roads  leading  to  or  at  construction  sites  must  be  paved  and  blacktopped  (i.e. metallic roads).
No  excavation  of  soil  shall  be  carried  out  without  adequate  dust  mitigation measures in place.
No  loose  soil  or  sand  or  Construction  &  Demolition  Waste  or  any  other construction material that causes dust shall be left uncovered.
Wind-breaker   of  appropriate   height  i.e.   1/3rd   of  the   building   height  and maximum up to 10 meters shall be provided.
Water sprinkling system shall be put in place.
Dust mitigation measures shall be displayed prominently at the construction site for easy public viewing.
Grinding and cutting of building materials in open area shall be prohibited. Construction  material  and  waste  should  be  stored  only  within  earmarked  area and road side storage of construction material and waste shall be prohibited.
No   uncovered   vehicles  carrying  construction   material   and   waste   shall  be permitted.
Construction  and  Demolition  Waste  processing  and  disposal  site  shall  be identified and required dust mitigation measures be notified at the site
Dust, smoke and other air pollution prevention measures shall be provided for the building as well as the site.
Wet jet shall be provided for grinding and stone cutting.
Unpaved  surfaces  and  loose  soil  shall  be  adequately  sprinkled  with  water  to suppress dust.
All demolition and construction waste shall be managed as per the provisions of the Construction and Demolition Waste Rules 2016.
All workers working at the construction site and involved in loading, unloading, carriage of construction material and construction debris or working in any area with dust pollution shall be provided with dust mask.
For indoor air quality the ventilation provisions as per National Building Code of India.
5 (a)   The location of the Genset and exhaust pipe height shall be as per the provisions of the statutory norms notified by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
The Genset installed for the project shall follow the emission limits, noise limits and general conditions notified by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change vide GSR 281(E) dated 7th March 2016 as amended from time to time.
6 Green Cover A  minimum  of  1  tree  for  every  80  sq.mt.  of  land  should  be  planted  and maintained.  The  existing  trees  will  be  counted  for  this  purpose.  Preference should be given to planting native species.
6 (a)   Where the trees need to be cut, compensatory plantation in the ratio of 1:3 (i.e. planting of 3 trees for every 1 tree that is cut) shall be done and maintained.
7 Top                    Soil
preservation       and reuse
Topsoil  should  be  stripped  to  a  depth  of  20  cm  from  the  areas  proposed  for buildings, roads, paved areas, and external services.
It  should  be  stockpiled  appropriately in  designated  areas  and  reapplied  during plantation of the proposed vegetation on site.
8 Transport The  building  plan  shall  be  aligned  with  the  approved  comprehensive  mobility plan  (as  per  Ministry  of  Housing  and  Urban  Affairs  best  practices  guidelines (URDPFI)).

Note :The principal rules were published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Part II, Section 3, Sub-section (ii) vide number S.O. 1533 (E), dated the 14th September, 2006 and subsequently amended vide the following numbers: -

1. S.O. 1949 (E) dated the 13th November, 2006

2. S.O. 1737 (E) dated the 11th October, 2007;

3. S.O. 3067 (E) dated the 1st December, 2009;

4. S.O. 695 (E) dated the 4th April, 2011;

5. S.O. 156 (E) dated the 25th January, 2012;

6. S.O. 2896 (E) dated the 13th December, 2012;

7. S.O. 674 (E) dated the 13th March, 2013;

8. S.O. 2204 (E) dated the 19th July 2013;

9. S.O. 2555 (E) dated the 21st August, 201

10S.O. 2559 (E) dated the 22nd August, 2013;

11 S.O. 2731 (E) dated the 9th September, 2013;

12 S.O. 562 (E) dated the 26th February, 2014;

13.S.O. 637 (E) dated the 28th February, 2014;

14.S.O. 1599 (E) dated the 25th June, 2014;

15.S.O. 2601 (E) dated the 7th October, 2014;

16.S.O. 2600 (E) dated the 9th October, 2014

17.S.O. 3252 (E) dated the 22nd December, 2014;

18.S.O. 382 (E) dated the 3rd. February, 2015;

19.S.O. 811 (E) dated the 23rd. March, 2015;

20.S.O. 996 (E) dated the 10th April, 2015;

21 S.O. 1142 (E) dated the 17th April, 2015;

22.S.O. 1141 (E) dated the 29th April, 2015;

23.S.O. 1834 (E) dated the 6th July, 2015;

24.S.O. 2571 (E) dated the 31st August, 2015;

25.S.O. 2572 (E) dated the 14th September, 2015;

26.S.O. 141 (E) dated the 15th January, 2016;

27.S.O. 648 (E) dated the 3rd March, 2016;

28.S.O. 2269(E) dated the 1st July, 2016;

29.S.O. 2944(E) dated the 14th September, 2016;

30.S.O. 3518 (E) dated 23rd November 2016;

31.S.O. 3999 (E) dated the 9th December, 2016;

32.S.O. 4241(E) dated the 30th December, 2016; and

33.S.O. 3611(E) dated the 25th July, 2018.