Ground Water Extraction



MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES, RIVER DEVELOPMENT AND GANGA REJUVENATION

(CENTRAL GROUND WATER AUTHORITY ) 
NOTIFICATION 
New Delhi, the 12th December, 2018 

S.O. 6140(E).—WHEREAS, on the directions of Hon’ble Supreme Court vide its order dated the  10th December, 1996 in Civil writ Petition No. 4677 of 1985, M.C. Mehta Vs Union of India, the Central Government constituted the Central Ground Water Authority (hereafter referred to as the ‘Authority’) vide notification number  S.O. 38 (E), dated the 14th January, 1997 to exercise powers under section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986) for the purposes of regulation and control of Ground Water management and development and to exercise certain powers and perform certain functions relating thereto; 

 AND WHEREAS, the Authority has been regulating ground water development and management by way of issuing ‘No Objection Certificates’ for ground water extraction to industries or infrastructure projects or mining projects etc., and framed guidelines in this connection from time to time in twenty states and three Union territories, where ground water development is not being regulated by the State Government or Union territory administration concerned; 

AND WHEREAS, some of the State Governments or Union territories enacted legislations and issued regulatory directions or orders for regulating ground water development and management;

AND WHEREAS, the Hon’ble National Green Tribunal, New Delhi vide its order dated the 15th April, 2015 in O.A. Nos. 204/205/206 of 2014 has issued directions to the Authority to ensure that any person operating tube-well, or any means to extract ground water shall obtain permission from the Authority and shall operate the same subject to the law in force, even if such unit is existing unit or the unit is yet to be established;

AND WHEREAS, the said Hon’ble Tribunal vide its order dated the 9th July, 2015 in O.A. Nos. 34 and 37 of 2014 directed all industrial units which are members of the Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs) to approach the Authority through State Pollution Control Board for registration of their bore-wells and to obtain No objection Certificate in accordance with the law;  

AND WHEREAS, the aforesaid Hon’ble Tribunal vide its order dated the 13th July, 2017 in O.A. No. 200 of 2014 directed that every industry should be directed to pay for extraction of such water, that too, subject to the conditions stated in the order permitting such extraction; 

AND WHEREAS, the said Hon’ble Tribunal vide its orders dated the 28th August, 2018 and 29th August, 2018 in O.A. Nos. 176 of 2015 and 59 of 2012 respectively, directed the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation to forthwith review the existing mechanism so as to ensure effective steps for conserving the ground water resources; 

AND WHEREAS, in pursuance of the directions of the Hon'ble National Green Tribunal and powers conferred by sub-section (3) of section 3 and section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, the Authority, with a view to protect the ground water resources had circulated the draft guidelines for grant of ‘No Objection Certificate’ on the 11th October, 2017 inviting comments and suggestions from all stakeholders; 

AND WHEREAS, all comments and suggestions received in response to the said draft guidelines have been duly considered by the Central Government; 

Now therefore, in pursuance of the directions of the Hon’ble National Green Tribunal, New Delhi and the powers conferred by sub-section (3) of section 3 read with section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986), the Central Ground Water Authority hereby notifies the guidelines to regulate groundwater over-exploitation and conserve the groundwater resources in the country as per the Schedule below: 

Government of India

CENTRAL GROUND WATER AUTHORITY

Ministry of Water Resources, RD & GR

Jamnagar House, Mansingh Road, New Delhi 110011 

Guidelines to regulate and control Ground Water Extraction in India   (With effect from 01.06.2019) 

1. Background

Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA), constituted by the Government of India vide notification No. S.O. 38(E) dated 14.01.1997 under sub-section (3) of Section 3 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986), in pursuance of the Order of the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in I.A. No. 32 in W.P. (C) No. 4677 of 1985, has been regulating ground water development and management in the country. The Authority has been vested with the following powers:  

(i) Exercise of powers under Section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 for issuing directions and taking such measures in respect of all the matters referred to in sub-section (2) of section 3 of the said Act.

(ii) To resort to penal provisions contained in Sections 15 to 21 of the said Act.

(iii) To regulate and control, management and development of ground water in the Country and to issue necessary regulatory directions for this purpose.

(iv) Exercise of powers under Section 4 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, for appointment of officers.  

In exercise of powers conferred upon it, the Authority regulates ground water development through various means including grant of No Objection Certificates (NOCs) for abstraction of ground water and issuing advisories, directions, notifications etc. as and when necessary. The Authority has been granting NOCs for withdrawal of groundwater by new industries and those under expansion/ infrastructure/ mining projects since 1999.  Central Ground Water Authority has framed guidelines for grant of NOC for withdrawal of groundwater, which have been revised from time to time. Last revision in guidelines was done in 2015 to bring existing industries/ infrastructure/ mining projects under the purview of NOC as per directions of the Hon’ble NGT vide order dated 15.04.2015 in the matter of Krishan Kant Singh Vs. M/s Deoria Paper Ltd., Hata Road, Narainpur, Deoria and other connected matters.  

List of States/ Union Territories, where ground water development is being regulated by Central Ground Water Authority is given in Annexure I.  The remaining States/ Union Territories are regulating ground water development through ground water legislation enacted by them or through Government Orders.  

Glossary of technical terms used in the guidelines is at Annexure II. The words ‘abstraction’, ‘extraction’, ‘drawal’ and ‘withdrawal’ have been used interchangeably in this document.  

2. Guidelines to regulate and control Ground Water Extraction in India  

These guidelines will come into force with effect from 01.06.2019 and will supersede all the earlier guidelines issued by Central Ground Water Authority. These guidelines will have pan India applicability. The entire process of grant of NOC is done online through a web based application system of CGWA (URL will be announced later). States may suggest additional conditions/ criteria based on the local hydro geological situations which will be reviewed by CGWA before acceptance.  

2.1.Exemptions

1. The following categories of users shall be exempted from obtaining NOC for ground  water abstraction:  i.  All users drawing/ proposing to draw ground water through non- energized means (bucket & rope, hand pump, mhote etc.) ii.  Individual households drawing/ proposing to draw ground water from a single dug well/bore well/ tube well through delivery pipe  of  upto 1" diameter  iii.  Agricultural users iv.  Armed Forces Establishments during operational deployment or during mobilization in forward locations   
The following categories of users shall be granted exemption from the requirement of NOC for ground water withdrawal, subject to submission of particulars as per the proforma (Annexure III) to CGWA.  
i. Strategic and operational infrastructure projects for Armed Forces ii. Defence Establishments and  Paramilitary Forces Establishments  iii. Government water supply agencies in safe and semi critical  areas 
The agencies mentioned under Sl. Nos. i, ii and iii shall install digital water flow meters to monitor monthly ground water abstraction, construct observation wells (piezometers)  equipped with Digital Water Level Recorders (DWLR) for regular monitoring of ground water levels if the proposed ground water extraction is > 10 m3/ day. Data sharing mechanism will be the same as in Section 2.3.1.VII. They will also monitor ground water quality from the abstraction structures once in a year during the month of April/ May. Guidelines for construction of piezometer are given in Annexure IV. The ground water samples collected shall be analysed at an NABL accredited laboratory. The data on ground water abstraction, ground water levels and ground water quality shall be submitted to the concerned Regional Office of Central Ground Water Board on the web portal.     

2.2.Drinking & Domestic use

Request for NOC shall be considered only in cases where the water supply department / agency concerned is unable to supply adequate amount of water in the area. For granting NOC for ground water withdrawal for drinking & domestic purposes, two broad categories identified are as follows:  
a) Individual households/ connections b) Infrastructure projects/ industries/ mining projects/ water supply agencies/ others  

2.2.1. Individual households:

Individual houses  drawing/ proposing to draw ground water through more than one functional bore well/ tube well / dug well or drawing ground water through delivery pipe of more than 1" diameter from a single ground water abstraction structure shall be required to seek NOC for ground water withdrawal under this category. NOC for ground water extraction shall be granted subject to the following conditions:  
i. Application for NOC shall be accompanied by the proof of ownership of household(s)

ii. NOC for new wells shall be granted only in such cases where public water supply system does not exist/ water supply is inadequate.

iii. Applicant shall submit an affidavit on non judicial stamp paper of Rs. 10/- confirming non/ inadequate availability of public water supply.

iv. The NOC shall be valid for a period of 5 years from the date of issue or till such time public water supply is provided to the household, whichever is earlier. The applicant shall  apply for renewal of NOC at least 90 days prior to expiry of its validity.

v. The user shall install digital water flow meter on the tube well/ bore well / dug well and submit the data through the  web-portal

vi. The user shall submit ground water abstraction data through the web-portal. 

vii. If the existing well becomes defunct within the validity period of NOC, the user can construct a replacement well under intimation to the Regional Director of CGWB. The defunct well shall be properly sealed as per guidelines given in Annexure V. viii. The owner shall implement roof top rain water harvesting as per the prevalent building bye laws. However, no recharge shall be undertaken in areas prone to water logging (water levels within 5 metres below ground level).   ix. The owner shall pay Water Conservation Fee based on quantum of ground water extraction as applicable (Refer Sub-section 2.6). x. The NOC shall become void in case of change in land use of the property/ water use. It will then become mandatory for the owner to apply for fresh NOC.  

2.2.2. Infrastructure projects/industries/ mining projects/ public water supply agencies / others requiring water only for drinking & domestic use

An indicative list of infrastructure projects to be considered under this category is given in Annexure VI. NOC for ground water withdrawal for drinking and domestic purpose only for infrastructure projects/ industry/ mining projects/ water supply agencies/ others will be granted based on the following conditions:  

I. Application for NOC shall be accompanied by the following documents:

i) Approval in the form of Terms of Reference/ Consent to Establish/ Consent to Operate/ License issued by the statutory bodies viz. Ministry of Environment, Forests& Climate Change (MoEF&CC)/ State Level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC)/ State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SLEIAA)/ State Pollution Control Board (SPCB)/ Urban/ Rural Development Authority/ Department of Industries or any other authority mandated by Central/ State Government

 ii) Details of water requirement computed as per National Building Code, 2016 (Annexure VII), taking into account recycling/ reuse of treated water for flushing etc. (in case of new buildings).

iii) Affidavit on non judicial stamp paper of Rs. 10/- by the applicant, confirming non/ inadequate  availability of public water supply in case of users requiring ground water up to 10 m3/ day for drinking/ domestic use

 iv) Certificate of non-availability of water from government water supply agency in case of infrastructure project/ industry/ mine requiring ground water in excess of 10 m3/ day for drinking/ domestic use.

v) Water quality data of bore well/ tube well/ dug well in respect of existing projects from NABL accredited laboratory. II. Use of recycled/ treated waste water for purposes like flushing, green belt etc. shall  be mandatory for new projects requiring >12.5 m3/d of ground water.   

III. NOC for new /existing wells shall be granted only in such cases where the required amount of water is not available from the public water supply system.

IV. If the existing well becomes defunct within the validity period of NOC, the user can construct a replacement well under intimation to CGWA on web portal. The defunct well shall be properly sealed (Refer Annexure V).

V.  The proponent shall mandatorily install roof top rain water harvesting system in the project area, wherever the ground water level is deeper than 5 metres below ground level.

VI.  The proponent shall pay Water Conservation Fee based on quantum of ground water extraction as applicable (Refer Sub-section 2.6).

VII.  Installation of digital water flow meter (conforming to BIS standard) in the abstraction structure(s) shall be mandatory and intimation regarding the same shall be communicated  to the  CGWA within 30 days of grant of NOC through the web-portal. Monthly water meter reading shall be digitally recorded and reports of ground water abstraction shall be submitted through the web portal to CGWA.  

VIII.   Construction of purpose-built observation wells (piezometers) for monthly ground water level monitoring  shall be mandatory for proponents drawing/ proposing to draw  10m3/day or more of ground water. Detailed guidelines for construction of piezometers are given in Annexure IV. Depth and zone of aquifer tapped in the piezometer should be commensurate with that of the pumping well.

IX.   Installation of Digital Water Level Recorders (DWLR) in the observation well shall be mandatory for projects requiring ground water from 50 to less than 500 m3/day in safe and semi critical assessment units and 20 to less than 200 m3/day in critical and overexploited assessment units. The list of safe, semi critical, critical, overexploited and saline assessment units is available at www.noc-cgwb.gov.in.

X.  For projects requiring ground water extraction of 500 m3/day or more in safe and semi critical assessment units and 200 m3/day or more in critical and overexploited assessment units, installation of DWLR with telemetry in the observation well shall be mandatory. The data server shall be maintained by the supplier of the instrument and access will be provided to CGWA through the web portal. It shall be the responsibility of the applicant to provide user ID and password to the above agency.

XI.     Monthly water level data shall be submitted to CGWA through the web portal.

XII.  All proponents shall monitor quality of ground water from the abstraction structure(s). Water samples from bore wells/ tube wells / dug wells shall be collected during April/May every year and analysed from NABL accredited 

laboratories for basic parameters (cations and anions), heavy metals, pesticides/ organic compounds etc. Water quality data shall be made available to CGWA through the web portal.

XIII. The NOC shall be valid for a period of 5 years from the date of issue or till such time public water supply is provided to the project area, whichever is earlier.

XIV. The proponent/ authorised representative of the occupants of the infrastructure project shall apply for renewal of NOC at least 90 days prior to expiry of its validity.  

2.3 Industrial/ Mining/ Infrastructure projects

All industries/ mining/ infrastructure  projects, whether existing/ new/ under expansion and drawing/ proposing to draw ground water through energized means shall need to obtain NOC for ground water withdrawal from the Central Ground Water Authority.  

2.3.1 Industries  

NOC to industries shall be granted only for such cases where government agencies are not able to supply the desired quantity of water. The applications for NOC shall be considered as per the criteria given below.  
I. Application for NOC shall be accompanied by the following documents:  

i) Approval in the form of Terms of Reference/ Consent to Establish/ License issued by statutory bodies viz. Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEF&CC) or State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) or State Level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC) or State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SLEIAA) or Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) or Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) or Department of Industries or  any other authority mandated by Central or State Government.

ii) A valid Consent to Operate issued by the Industry Department/ Pollution Control Board/ copy of application submitted for renewal of Consent to Operate.

iii) Certificate regarding non / partial availability of fresh water / treated waste water supply from the concerned government agency in cases where requirement of ground water is more than 10 m3/day.

iv) An affidavit on non judicial stamp paper of Rs. 10/- regarding non availability of water supply from government agencies in cases where ground water requirement is up to 10 m3/day.

v) Water quality data of bore well/ tube well / dug well in respect of existing industries from NABL accredited laboratory. II. Hydrogeological report prepared by NABET accredited consultant shall be mandatory for users drawing/ proposing to draw  ground water  to the tune of 2000 m3/day or more  in safe assessment units, 1500 m3/day or more  in semi critical and critical assessment units and 1000 m3/day or more in over-exploited assessment units.  Pro-forma for hydrogeological report is given in Annexure VIII.Installation of digital water flow meter (conforming to BIS standard) in the abstraction structure(s) shall be mandatory and intimation of the same shall be communicated to the CGWA through the web portal within 30 days of grant of NOC

III. Monthly water flow meter readings shall be recorded and reports of ground water extraction shall be submitted to CGWA through the web portal.  

IV. Industries shall minimize the use of fresh ground water through recycling and reuse of waste water.

V. All industries abstracting ground water to the tune of 500 m3/day or more in safe and semi critical and 200 m3/day or more in critical and over-exploited assessment units shall  be required to undertake water audit (Annexure

IX) through CII/ FICCI/ NPC certified auditors and submit report within three months of completion of the  same to CGWA through the web portal. The first audit shall be done within a year of grant of NOC.  Subsequent audits shall be conducted once in 3 years for Safe/ Semi critical assessment units and once in 2 years in critical/ over-exploited assessment units.

VI. Construction of  observation well(s) (piezometers) within the premises, for monthly ground water level monitoring, shall  be mandatory for industries drawing/ proposing to draw more than 10 m3/day of ground water. Depth and aquifer zone tapped in the piezometer shall be commensurate with that of pumping well/ wells. The number of observation wells (piezometers) shall be specified in the No Objection Certificate. Detailed guidelines for construction of piezometers are given in Annexure IV. Monthly water level data shall be submitted to the CGWA through the web portal.

VII. Industries drawing/proposing to draw ground water from 50 to less than 500 m3/day in safe and semi critical assessment units and those drawing/proposing to draw 20 to less than 200 m3/day of ground water in critical and over-exploited assessment units shall install digital water level recorder (DWLR) in the observation well for continuous monitoring of ground water levels. Depth to water levels shall be monitored at 12 hour intervals and the DWLR data shall be retrieved and submitted to CGWA through the web portal.

VIII. Industries drawing/proposing to draw ground water to the tune of  500m3/ day or more in safe and semi critical areas and 200 m3/ day or more in critical and over-exploited areas would be required to install DWLR with telemetry in the observation well for continuous monitoring of ground water levels. The server will be maintained by the supplier of the instrument and access shall be provided to CGWA.  It shall be the responsibility of the proponent to provide User ID and password to the CGWA.

IX. All industries shall monitor quality of ground water from the abstraction structure (s). Water samples from bore wells / tube wells / dug wells shall be collected during April/May every year and analysed from NABL accredited laboratories for basic parameters (cations and anions), heavy metals, pesticides/ organic compounds etc. Water quality data shall be made available to CGWA through the web portal.

X. All industries except those falling in red and orange categories as per CPCB 

shall implement roof top rain water harvesting within six months of grant of NOC. Recharge of harvested water shall not be permitted in areas prone to water logging (water level within 5 m.bgl).

XI. Industries shall deposit Water Conservation Fee (WCF) based on quantum of extraction as applicable (see Subsection 2.6). Industries which are not able to implement roof top rain water harvesting due to likely threat of pollution or any other valid reason shall be required to pay additional water conservation fee to compensate for the quantum of water that could have been recharged by the unit.

XII. NOC shall be valid for a period of 3 years in safe and semi critical areas and 2 years in critical and overexploited areas.

XIII. The applicant shall apply for renewal of NOC at least 90 days prior to expiry of its validity.

XIV. Industries which are likely to cause ground water pollution e.g. Tanning, Slaughter Houses, Dye, Chemical/ Petrochemical, Coal washeries, other hazardous units etc. (as per CPCB list) need to undertake necessary measures to ensure prevention of ground water pollution (Annexure X).

XV. Recharge/ injection of treated/ untreated waste water within/ outside the plant premises is strictly prohibited. XVI. Existing industries, which have already obtained NOC and have implemented recharge measures as specified in the NOC, shall be exempted from paying WCF. However, if the industry is going for expansion, WCF will have to be paid for the additional quantum of ground water withdrawal as per applicable rates.

XVII. Existing industries, which have obtained NOC and adopted pond/ ponds but have not been able to implement the specified volume of recharge due to various reasons, shall have an option to de-adopt pond/ ponds and pay WCF within six months of the effectiveness of these guidelines. If at the time of renewal it is observed that the industry has not been able to comply with the recharge condition specified in the NOC, the industry shall have to pay WCF in addition to the penalty as specified in the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.  

XVIII. Wherever feasible, requirement of water for greenbelt (horticulture) shall be met from  recycled / treated waste water.

XIX. If an existing well becomes defunct within the validity period of NOC, the proponent shall construct a replacement well under intimation to the CGWA through the web portal. The defunct well shall be properly sealed (Annexure V).

XX. In case of change of ownership, new owner of the industry will have to apply for necessary changes in the NOC with documentary proof within 45 days of taking over possession of the premises.   

2.3.2    Mining projects

All existing as well as new mining projects need to obtain NOC for mine dewatering and / or ground water withdrawal through wells, if any, from Central Ground Water Authority. NOC for abstraction of ground water shall be granted subject to the following conditions:  

I. Application for NOC shall be accompanied by the following documents:

i) Approval from statutory bodies viz. Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEF&CC) or State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) or State Level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC) or State Level Environment impact Assessment Authority (SLEIAA).

ii) Certified mine lease map.

iii)  Document showing ownership/ lease of land

iv)  Mining plan approved by the concerned Govt. agency/ department.  

v)   Comprehensive report prepared by NABET accredited consultant on ground water conditions in both core and buffer zones of the mine, depth wise and year wise mine seepage calculations, impact assessment of mining and dewatering, details of recycling, reuse and recharge, reduction of pumping with use of technology for mining and water management to minimize and mitigate the adverse impact on ground water, based on local conditions. Format for report is given in Annexure VIII.

II.  The water available from de-watering operations shall be put to gainful use such as water supply, irrigation, dust suppression, mining process etc

III. Installation of digital water flow meter (conforming to BIS standard) in the abstraction structure(s) shall be mandatory and intimation of the same shall be communicated to the CGWA through the web portal.

IV. Water flow meter reading shall be digitally recorded and submitted to the CGWA through the web portal.

V.  The proponent shall have to pay WCF based on quantum of ground water extraction as applicable (see Subsection 2.6). 

VI.  Construction of observation well(s) (piezometers) within the premises along the periphery, for monthly ground water level monitoring, shall be mandatory for mines drawing/ proposing to draw more than 10 m3/day of ground water. Depth and aquifer zone tapped in the piezometer shall be commensurate with that of pumping well/ wells. The number of observation wells (piezometers) shall be specified in the No Objection Certificate. Detailed guidelines for construction of piezometers are given in Annexure IV. Monthly water level data shall be submitted to the CGWA through the web portal.

VII. Proponents drawing/proposing to draw ground water from 50 to less than 500 m3/day in safe and semi critical assessment units and those drawing/proposing to draw 20 to less than 200 m3/day of ground water in critical and over-exploited assessment units shall install digital water level recorder (DWLR) in the observation well(s) for continuous monitoring of ground water levels. Depth to water levels shall be monitored at 12 hour intervals and the DWLR data shall be retrieved and submitted to the CGWA through the web portal.

VIII   Proponents drawing/proposing to extract ground water to the tune of 500m3/ day or more in safe and semi critical areas and 200 m3/ day or more in critical and over-exploited areas would be required to install DWLR with telemetry in the observation well for continuous monitoring of ground water levels. The server will be maintained by the supplier of the instrument and access shall be provided to CGWA.  It shall be the responsibility of the proponent to provide User ID and password to CGWA

IX.  In addition, the proponent shall monitor ground water levels by establishing key wells in the core and buffer zones as specified in the NOC.

X. All mining units shall monitor quality of ground water from the abstraction structure(s). Water samples from bore wells/ tube wells / dug wells shall be collected during April/May every year and analysed from NABL accredited laboratories for basic parameters (cations and anions), heavy metals, pesticides/ organic compounds etc. Water quality data shall be made available to the CGWA through the web portal.

XI.  The NOC shall be valid for a period of 2 years from the date of issue of NOC.

XII.   The proponent shall apply for renewal of NOC at least 90 days prior to expiry of its validity.   

2.3.3 Infrastructure projects requiring dewatering or use of ground water for construction  

New infrastructure projects/ residential buildings may require dewatering during construction activity and/ or use   ground water for construction. In both cases, applicants shall seek NOC from CGWA before commencement of work. The NOC will be granted subject to the following conditions:  

I. Application for NOC shall be accompanied by the following documents:

i) Approval letter from statutory bodies viz. Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEF&CC) or State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) or State Level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC) or State Level Environment impact Assessment Authority (SLEIAA) or Urban/ Rural/ Area Development Authority.

ii) In cases where dewatering of more than 100 m3/ day is required, hydrogeological report prepared by NABET accredited consultant on the ground water situation in the area giving detailed plan of pumping, proposed usage of pumped water and comprehensive impact assessment of the same on the ground water regime.  The report should highlight environmental risks and proposed management strategies to overcome any significant environmental issues.

iii) An affidavit on non judicial stamp paper of Rs. 10/- regarding non availability of water from any other source for construction in safe and semi critical areas

iv) Certificate from the government agency regarding non availability of treated sewage water for construction within 10 km radius of the site in critical and over-exploited areas

II. The proponent shall be required to adopt roof top rain water harvesting in the project premises after completion of building construction. Recharge measures shall not be implemented in areas prone to water logging (water level within 5 metres below ground level)

III. The proponent will have to pay WCF based on quantum of ground water extraction as applicable (see Sub-section 2.6).

IV. Proponent  shall be required to carry out regular monitoring as mentioned below:   

Parameter to be monitored  Frequency Submission to the CGWA 
Dewatering  discharge  rate  (using  a  digital  water
flow meter)
Continuous Through the web- portal
Water    levels    in    the    surrounding    area    by constructing    observation    wells    (piezometers)in consultation with the concerned Regional Office of
CGWB
Fortnightly Through the web-portal

Monitoring records and results should be retained by the proponent for up to two years, for inspection or reporting as required by CGWA.  

V. NOC shall be valid for the specific period as per the detailed proposal submitted by the project proponent.  

2.4 Agricultural Sector

Agriculture sector is the backbone of the Indian economy. Since livelihood of farmers is dependent on agriculture, they shall be exempted from obtaining NOC for ground water withdrawal from the CGWA.  Concerned State Departments (Agriculture/ Irrigation/ Water Resources) shall be required to undertake suitable demand and supply side measures to ensure sustainability of ground water sources. An indicative list of demand side measures is given below:  

i) Minimize conveyance losses by adopting surface /underground pipeline system

ii) Promote and incentivize drip /sprinkler and other water saving irrigation methods /practices/techniques.

iii) Promote and incentivize crop diversification to less water intensive /consuming crops.

iv) Encourage farmers to pool their wells and try to bring in more area under cropping for protecting irrigation in selected rain-fed patches/ areas.

v) Encourage farmers for developing on-farm water storage structures.

vi) Adoption of water use efficiency measures for water intensive crops.

vii) Promote conjunctive use of surface and ground water in command areas.

viii) Promote use /reuse of treated /recycled water

ix) Provision for dedicated electricity feeder for agricultural pump sets and assured power for fixed hours.   

2.5 Abstraction of Saline / contaminated ground water

Abstraction of saline / contaminated ground water for use by industries/ dewatering by infrastructure/ mining projects including those located in over-exploited areas would be encouraged. The list of such assessment units having saline ground water at all depths as per the latest assessment of dynamic ground water resources will be made available by the Authority in the web based application system. Packaged drinking water units shall be encouraged to be set up in quality affected areas.  However, due care should be taken in respect of disposal of effluents by the units so as to protect the water bodies and the aquifers from pollution. Proposals pertaining to such cases, extracting more than 100 m3 / day, must include a detailed project report by a NABET accredited consultant elucidating the mechanism of handling the saline /contaminated/ effluent water and its various uses. All precautions must be taken for protection of environment especially fresh water aquifers in and around the area. Other conditions for granting NOC would be the same as mentioned in Section 2.3 for industries and infrastructure projects respectively. The following additional conditions shall be applicable in case of withdrawal of saline/ contaminated ground water:  

i. Withdrawal of saline/ contaminated ground wate by the proponent, shall not affect the fresh water aquifers, if any, in the area.

ii. No disposal of brine or untreated waste shall be allowed in the premises.

iii. Samples for monitoring of water quality of the aquifer from which the saline/ contaminated  water is pumped and that of the adjacent/overlying/underlying fresh water aquifers, if any, should be collected during April/ May every year and should be analysed at NABL accredited laboratory for basic parameters (cations and anions), heavy metals, pesticides/ organic compounds etc. Water quality data should be made available to CGWA through the web portal.

iv. In areas having saline ground water aquifers underlain/ overlain by fresh water aquifers, the application would be considered for NOC only after submission of  detailed hydrogeological report including mathematical modeling study prepared by a NABET accredited consultant indicating the long term impact of ground water extraction on the ambient ground water regime of the overlying/ underlying   fresh water aquifers (Refer Annexure VIII). This condition would be applicable to proponents withdrawing more than 100 m3/day of saline ground water.  

2.6 Water Conservation Fee (WCF)

As per NGT order dated 13th July, 2017 in OA No. 200/2014 regarding Ganga matter, all users are required to pay for ground water extraction. Accordingly, all ground water users would have to pay WCF based on quantum of ground water extraction as per details given below. The rates of WCF for ground water withdrawal for various uses have been arrived at after considering i) cost of implementation of rainwater harvesting/ artificial recharge structures by industries/ infrastructure units/ mines which have been mandated to implement the same as per NOCs granted earlier and ii) charges being levied by various State Governments for use of surface water by industries.  

I. Drinking & Domestic use   

(a) All categories exempted from requirement of NOC shall also be exempted from paying WCF.

(b) All domestic users requiring NOC and other proponents covered under infrastructure projects

except Government infrastructure and Government water supply agencies would pay WCF as per rates given below: 

Quantum of Groundwater withdrawal (m3/month) Rate of WCF
(Rs. per m3/month)
0-25 Exempted
25-50 Re 1/-
>50 Rs 2/-

Government water supply agencies and Government infrastructure projects shall pay WCF @ Rs. 0.50 per m3/month.  

II.  Packaged drinking water units drawing more than 50 m3 per day /soft drinks/ breweries/distilleries   

S.NO

Category of area 

Ground water use 

Rate of Water Conservation Fee (Rs. per m3/day) 
    < 200 m3/day m3/day 
200 to <1000 
 1000 to <5000 m3/day  5000 m3/day and above
1. Safe 3.00 5.00 8.00 10.00
2. Semi critical 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00
3. Critical 10.00 20.00 40.00 60.00
4. Over-exploited 20.00 40.00 60.00 100.00

III. Packaged Drinking Water units (drawing less than 50m3 per day) and other industries 

S.NO

Category of area

Ground water use 

Rate of Water Conservation Fee(Rs. per m3/day) based on quantum
of ground water withdrawal
    < 200
m3/day
200 to <1000
m3/day
1000 to
<5000
m3/day
5000 m3/day and above
1. Safe 1.00 2.00 3.00 5.00
2. Semi critical 2.00 3.00 5.00 8.00
3. Critical 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00
4. Over-exploited 6.00 10.00 16.00 20.00

 IV. Mining/ infrastructure dewatering projects 

S.NO Category of area
Ground water use
Rate of Water Conservation Fee (Rs. per m3/day)
    < 200
m3/day
200 to <1000
m3/day
1000 to
<5000
m3/day
5000 m3/day and above
1. Safe 1.00 2.00 2.50 3.00
2. Semi critical 2.00 2.50 3.00 4.00
3. Critical 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00
4. Over-exploited 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00

The annual amount of WCF will be calculated by multiplying the rate given against each slab of ground water withdrawal by the quantum and number of days of pumping in a year. Users drawing/ proposing to draw saline ground water shall be given rebate of 25% on the WCF. Package drinking water units located in salinity/ arsenic/ fluoride affected areas shall be given rebate of 50% on the WCF.  

2.7 Change in Land/ water Use

The NOC shall become void in case of change in land use of the property/ water use. It will then become mandatory for the owner to apply for a fresh NOC. 

The applicant shall have to submit all documents endorsing the change from the competent authorities. Ground water from existing abstraction structures, if any, after change in land use in the area can be abstracted only after obtaining NOC from CGWA. Cases would be processed as per criteria applicable for the changed land use.  

2.8 Other Conditions (Applicable for all cases):

i. Sale of raw/ unprocessed/ untreated ground water for commercial use by agencies not having valid NOC from CGWA is not permitted

ii. Non-compliance of conditions mentioned in the NOC may be taken as sufficient reason for cancellation of NOC accorded/ non-renewal of NOC.

iii. No application shall be entertained without supporting documents as specified in relevant sections.

iv. Abstraction structure(s) should be located inside the premises of project property.

v. Self compliance of conditions laid down in the NOC shall be reported by the users online in the web portal of CGWA.

vi. Processing fee prescribed, if any, from time to time shall be charged for issuance and renewal of NOC.  

2.9 Renewal of NOC 

I.NOC shall be renewed periodically, subject to compliance of the conditions mentioned therein

 ii.  The applicant shall apply for renewal of NOC at least 90 days prior to expiry of its validity.

iii.  Application for renewal of NOC shall be accompanied by the compliance report (as per Annexure XI)

iv.  Before granting renewal, inspection of the premises shall be carried out by the Regional Office of CGWB to check compliance of conditions laid down in the NOC.

v.    In case of change in category of the area, renewals would be granted with conditions as laid down for such areas. vi. NOC will be renewed for terms specified for various uses as follows:  

Use Term of renewal
Individual Households for drinking & domestic use 5 Years
Infrastructure  projects,  industries/  mines  for  drinking  &
domestic use and Water Supply Agencies
5 years
Industries 3 years
Mines 2 years
All users in critical and  over-exploited areas 2 years

vii. If the application for renewal is submitted in time and CGWA is unable to process it within the stipulated time frame, NOC shall be deemed to be extended till the date of renewal of NOC.   

viii. If the proponent fails to apply for renewal within 3 months from the date of expiry of NOC, the proponent shall be required to pay a fine equivalent to five times of Water Conservation Fee for 3 months. Beyond this period, the existing abstraction structure shall be sealed.   

2.10 Extension of NOC

If the proponent is unable to construct the well(s) during the validity period of NOC for genuine reasons, the proponent will have to apply for extension of NOC. Application for extension should be supported by documents justifying the reasons for delay. Other conditions for grant of extension of NOC will be the same as that for fresh NOC.  

Extension of NOC will be granted for a maximum period of two years. No further extension will be granted after the expiry of the extended period. In that case, the applicant will have to apply afresh for grant of NOC.  

3. Processing Fee  

A Processing fee of Rs. 10000/- will be applicable for grant of new NOC and Rs. 5000/- shall be applicable for renewal of NOC.   

4. Relaxation  

Central Ground Water Authority reserves the right to relax or interpret these guidelines in case of any exigency or situation of national strategic importance, for reasons to be recorded in writing.   

5. Delegation of powers to monitor compliance of NOC Conditions  

Central Ground Water Authority has appointed the District Magistrate/ District Collector / Sub Divisional Magistrates  of each Revenue District and Regional Directors of CGWB through  Public Notice as Authorized Officers, who  have been delegated the power to  monitor compliance, check violations  and seal illegal wells, launch prosecution against offenders etc. including grievance redressal related to ground water.  In cases of violation such as illegal ground water withdrawal, the District Magistrate/ District Collector / Sub Divisional Magistrate, subject to his/her satisfaction, shall ensure discontinuation of the same by the seizure of drilling rig, sealing of tube well/ bore well if so constructed and also disconnection of electricity supply to the energised well. A copy each of the NOC issued by the CGWA in the NOCAP system will be forwarded to the respective District Magistrate/ District Collector  for monitoring of compliance. In case of any violation of the directions of Central Ground Water Authority and conditions laid down in the NOC, the Authorised Officers will file cases under sections 15 to 21 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 in appropriate Courts. The Authorised Officers will also file cases for environmental compensation under the NGT Act, 2010  before the appropriate judicial forum.  

Note:  1. Guidelines are subject to modification from time to time.  

2. In case of any discrepancy between Hindi and English versions of this document including the annexures, the latter shall prevail.   

Annexure - I  

List of States/ Union Territories where ground water development is being regulated by Central Ground Water Authority   

Sl. No. States/ UTs
1 Arunachal Pradesh
2 Assam
3 Bihar
4 Chhattisgarh
5 Gujarat
6 Haryana
7 Jharkhand
8 Madhya Pradesh
9 Maharashtra
10 Manipur
11 Meghalaya
12 Mizoram
13 Nagaland
14 Odisha
15 Punjab
16 Rajasthan
17 Sikkim
18 Tripura
19 Uttar Pradesh
20 Uttarakhand
21 Andaman & Nicobar Islands
22 Dadra & Nagar Haveli
23

Daman & Diu

Annexure-II 

Glossary of Technical Terms used:  

1. Safe area:

Area categorized as SAFE from the ground water resources point of view, based on the latest ground water resources assessment carried out jointly by CGWB and State ground water organizations. Details available on the web sites of  NOCAP and CGWB.

2. Semi critical area:

Area categorized as SEMI CRITICAL from the ground water resources point of view, based on the latest ground water resources assessment carried out jointly by CGWB and State ground water organizations. Details available on the websites of NOCAP and CGWB.

3. Critical area:

Area categorized as CRITICAL from the ground water resources point of view, based on the latest ground water resources assessment carried out jointly by CGWB and State ground water organizations. Details available on the websites of NOCAP and CGWB.

4. Over-exploited area:

Area categorized as OVER-EXPLOITED from the ground water resources point of view, based on the latest ground water resources assessment carried out jointly by CGWB and State ground water organizations. Details available on the websites of NOCAP and CGWB.

5. Aquifer:

Geological formation capable of storing and transmitting ground water.

6. Deeper Aquifer:

In areas having multiple aquifer system, the aquifer/s occurring below the uppermost aquifer.

7. Well:

Any structure used for the extraction of groundwater, including open wells, dug wells, bore wells, dug-cum-bore wells, tube wells, filter points, collector wells, infiltration galleries, recharge wells, or any of their combinations or variations.

8. Government Agency:

May be Central or State Government body.

9. Supplier:

Government/ Government approved Water Supply Agency.

10. Mine:

Area where mining activity is taking place, or area abandoned after mining.

11. Illegal Ground Water abstraction Structure:

Any energized abstraction structure viz. dug well, tube well, bore well which is being used to withdraw ground water without valid NOC from Central Ground Water Authority.

12. Rainwater Harvesting:

The technique or system of collection and storage of rainwater, at micro watershed scale, including roof-top harvesting, for future use or for recharge of groundwater.

13. Mining Project:

Project which involves mining activity either open cast or underground or both.

14. Ground Water Draft:

Quantum of ground water withdrawal.

15. Saline Water:

Water having salinity in excess of 2500µ Siemens/cm at 250C.

16. Water Table Intersection:

Intersection of the water table on excavation of the overlying material due to mining or other activities.

17. Drinking & domestic use:

Besides drinking & domestic use of households, this category will cover drinking requirement of industries not requiring water for industrial process; drinking, washing, cleaning use etc. in case of hospitals, hotels, malls & multiplexes, institutions, offices, banquet halls, fire stations, metro stations, railway stations, airports, sea ports, stadia etc.

18. Recycle/Reuse:

Using treated waste water for various purposes/ putting water to multiple uses.

19. Government Department:

Either Central or State.

20. Municipality:

Municipality, a Municipal Corporation or similar body of local urban governance by any other name.

21. Groundwater:

Water, which exists below the surface in the zone of saturation and can be extracted through wells or any other means or emerges as springs and base flows in streams and rivers;

22. BGl:

Below Ground Level. 23. BCM : Billion cubic metres.

24. Groundwater Abstraction structure:

Structure used to withdraw groundwater like bore well / tube well / dug well / dug cum bore well/tunnel well. 

25. Observation well or Piezometer:

A bore well/tube well used only for measuring the water level/piezometric head and to take water sample periodically but not used for groundwater abstraction.

26. Water Audit:

A method of quantifying water use in simple or complex systems, with a view to reducing water usage and often saving money on otherwise unnecessary water use.

27. Ground water pollution

 If concentration of any parameter in ground water exceeds the maximum permissible limit  for drinking water prescribed by the Bureau of Indian Standards.

28. Cooperative Group Housing Societies/ Builder flats:

A Housing Society is a  society formed by house owners within a residential complex. The housing society formed must be formally registered with registrar of co-operatives. 

Annexure III 

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF WATER RESOURCES, RD & GR

CENTRAL GROUND WATER AUTHORITY

PROFORMA  FOR FURNISHING INFORMATION ON GROUND WATER EXTRACTION BY DEFENCE/ PARAMILITARY ARMED FORCES/ GOVT. WATER SUPPLY AGENCIES   

1. Name of the organization....................................

Owner/Tenant/Occupier/Others (please specify.......................

2. Address of the organization ..............................................

Ph. No............................ Fax _.............................. E-mail ID...........................

3. Type of establishment (tick mark) Defence/Armed Forces/Paramilitary/Strategic Infrastructure Project/government water supply agencies.

4. Ownership status of land where tube well/ bore well / dug well is proposed .............. . 5. Quantity of Ground water required (give details in m3/day)..........................

6. Present quantity of available water and source..........................................s of water supply:

(i) Piped water  supply............m3/day

(iii)     water tanker .............._m3/day

(ii) Own T/wel. m3/day

(iv)     Oth.................ers .............m3/day

7. Purpose for extraction of ground water with detail of requirement:

(i) Drinking & Domestic    

(ii)      Commercial

(iii) Industrial                  

(iv)       Others( please specify)

8. Ground water quality in and around the area- potable/non-potable .............................. (Please enclose water quality analysis report of existing well)  9. Are there any other tube well/ bore well / dug well in the establishment/area?  

(i) Working............. nos.

(ii) Abandoned.................. nos.

(iii) others .............. 

(Pl. Specify) 10. Give details of each existing tube well/ bore well / dug well in following format and attach as enclosures. 

Location with coordinates Purpose/year of construction Depth of drilling (in meters) Diameter (mm) Depth of ground water level
( in meters
bgl)
Discharge (litres/hr) Operational hours/day Operational days/year Made of lift and horse power of pump Whether permission granted/registered with CGWA, if so details thereof

11. Give details of each proposed tube well/ bore well / dug well in  following format and attach as enclosures. 

Location with coordinates Purpose/year of construction Depth of drilling (in meters) Diameter (mm) Depth of ground water level
( in meters
bgl)
Discharge (litres/hr) Operational hours/day Operational days/year Mode of lift and horse power of pump Whether permission granted/registered with CGWA, if so details thereof

12. Have you applied earlier for NOC for ground water withdrawal from tube well/ bore well / dug well:Yes  or  No     (If yes please give details thereof with status)

13. Whether rainwater harvesting system has been provided :   Yes  or  No (a) If yes, mention recharge potential and details of the structure ..........................

(b) If no, mention proposed RWH plan and the time limit ...............................................

14. Whether waste water treatment plant exists :     Yes  or  No (a) If yes, the capacity and the proposed uses of the recycled water ............................................

(b) Commissioned/ functional       yes  or  no (c) If no, mention proposed action plan and the time limit .......................................................

UNDERTAKING  

A. It is certified that particulars/ information provided above are true to the best of my knowledge and belief.  

B. I agree to install a water meter and will maintain monthly extraction record of water. I further allow regular ground water extraction reading to be taken by the Govt. appointed authority.  

C. I agree to construct observation well (piezometer) and install DWLR.  

D. I agree to undertake ground water quality analysis once in a year during April/May.  

E. I agree to submit ground water abstraction, ground water level and quality data to the concerned Regional Office of CGWB on annual basis.    

List of Enclosures:                      

(Signature of the applicant    with Date and seal)   

Annexure IV  
Guidelines for installation of Piezometers and monitoring of ground water levels and quality  

Piezometer is a bore well/tube well used only for measuring the water level by lowering a tape/sounder or automatic / digital water level measuring equipment. It is also used to take water sample for water quality testing whenever needed. General guidelines for installation of piezometers are as follows:  

• The piezometer is to be installed/constructed at the minimum distance of 50 m from the pumping well through which ground water is being withdrawn. The diameter of the piezometer should be about 4” to 6”.

• The depth of the piezometer should be the same as that of the pumping well from which ground water is being abstracted. If, more than one pumping wells are constructed tapping aquifers at different depths, more than one piezometers shall be required to be constructed tapping different aquifers as in the pumping wells.

• The measurement of water level in piezometer should be taken, only after the pumping from the surrounding tube wells has been stopped for about four to six hours.

• The ground water quality has to be monitored once in a year during pre-monsoon (April/ May) period by industries and mines drawing ground water. Samples of ground water should be analyzed from NABL accredited laboratory.

• A permanent display board should be installed at Piezometer/ Tube well site for providing the location, piezometer/ tube well number, depth and zone tapped of piezometer/tube well for standard referencing and identification.

• Any other site specific requirement regarding safety and access for measurement may be taken care of. 

Annexure V  

Supreme Court order in Civil Writ Petition 36 of 2009 regarding measures for prevention of fatal accidents of small children due to their falling into abandoned bore wells and tube wells  

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA CIVIL ORIGINAL JURISDICTION 

WRIT PETITION (c) NO. 36 OF 2009  

In Re: Measures for prevention of fatal accidents of small children due to their falling into abandoned bore wells and tube wells 

O R D E R

With this Court issuing requisite guidelines vide order dated 11th February, 2010, subject to slight modifications, nothing survives in the present writ petition.  
That modification is as follows

(i) The owner of the land/ premises, before taking any steps for constructing bore well/ tube well must inform in writing to the concerned authorities in the area, i.e., District Collector/ District Magistrate/ Sarpanch of the Gram Panchayat/ any other Statutory Authority/ concerned officers of the Department of Ground Water/ Public Health/ Municipal Corporation, as the case may be , about the construction of bore well/ tube well.

(ii) Registration of all the drilling agencies, namely, Government/ Semi Government, Private etc. should be mandatory with the district administration/ Statutory Authority wherever applicable.  

(iii) Erection of signboard at the time of construction near the well with the following details:-

(a) Complete address of the drilling agency at the time of construction/ rehabilitation of well.

(b) Complete address of the user agency/ owner of the well.

(iv) Erection of barbed wire fencing or any other suitable barrier around the well during construction.

(v) Construction of cement/ concrete platform measuring 0.50x0.50x0.60 meter (0.30 meter above ground level and 0.30 meter below ground level) around the well casing.

(vi) Capping of well assembly by welding steel plate or by providing a strong cap to be fixed to the casing pipe with bolts &  nuts.  

(vii) In case of pump repair, the tube well should not be left uncovered.

(viii) Filling of mud pits and channels after completion of works. (ix) Filling up abandoned bore wells by clay/ sand/ boulders/ pebbles/ drill cuttings etc. from bottom to ground level.

(x) On completion of the drilling operations at a particular location, the ground conditions are to be restored as before the start of drilling.

(xi) District Collector should be empowered to verify that the above guidelines are being followed and proper monitoring check about the status of bore holes/ tube wells are being taken care through the concerned state/ Central Government agencies.

(xii) District/ Block/ Village wise status of bore wells/ tube wells drilled viz. No. of wells in use, No. of abandoned bore wells/ tube wells found open, No. of abandoned bore wells/ tube wells  properly filled up to ground level and balance number of abandoned bore wells/ tube wells to be filled up to ground level is to be maintained at District Level.  

In rural areas, the monitoring of the above is to be done through Village Sarpanch and the Executive from the Agriculture Department. 

In case of urban areas, the monitoring of the above is to be done through Junior Engineer and the Executive from the concerned Department of Ground Water / Public Health/ Municipal Corporation etc

(xiii) If a bore well/ tube well is ‘Abandoned’ at any stage, a certificate from the concerned department of Ground Water/ Public Health/ Municipal Corporation/ Private Contractor etc. must be obtained by the aforesaid agencies that the ‘Abandoned’ bore well/ tube well is properly filled upto the ground level. Random inspection of the abandoned wells is also to be done by the Executive of the concerned agency/ department. Information on all such data on the above are to b maintained in the District Collector/ Block Development Office of the State.

We are informed that the last paragraph of the earlier order dated 11th February, 2010, concerning publicity has been duly complied with. 

Subject to the above, the writ petition is disposed of.   
     

 ……………………………..CJI.  [S.H. KAPADIA]  
        …………………………….….J. [K.S. RADHAKRISHNANA]  
       ………………………….…….J.[SWATANTER KUMAR] 


Annexure VI 
Indicative List of Infrastructure projects    

Residential apartment
Residential township
Office building
School
College
University
Industrial Area (Drinking use)
SEZ (Drinking  use)
Metro Station
Railway Station
Bus Depot
Airport
Seaport
Highway infrastructure
Fire station
Warehouse
Business Plaza
Malls & Multiplex
Hospitals
Nursing Homes
Water Park/ Theme Park/Amusement Park
Resort
Hotel/ Restaurant/ Food Plaza
Holiday home/Guest house
Banquet Hall/ Marriage Gardens
IT Complex
Logistics & Cargo
Clubs
Trade Centre

Annexure VII  
Estimation of Water Requirements for drinking and domestic use (Source: National Building Code 2016, BIS)   

A. Residential Buildings

Accommodations Population
1   Bedroom dwelling unit 4
2   Bedroom dwelling unit 5
3   Bedroom dwelling unit 6
4   Bedroom dwelling unit and above 7

Notes: 1) The above figures consider a domestic household including support personnel, wherever applicable.

2) For plotted development, the population may be arrived at after due consideration of the expected number and type of domestic household units.

3) Dwelling unit under EWS category shall have population requirement of 4 and studio apartment shall have population requirement of 2. As a general rule the following rates per capita per day may be considered for domestic and non-domestic needs:  

a) For communities with populations up to 20,000:   

1) Water supply through stand post      : 40 lphd (Min)
2) Water supply through house service: connection 70 to 100 lphd

 b) For communities with :    100 to 135 lphd  population 20,000 to 100,00 together with  full flushing system  

c) For communities with population:           150 to 200 lphd  above 100,000 together with   full flushing system  

Note —The value of water supply given as 150 to 200 litre per head per day may be reduced to 135  litre per head per day for houses for Medium Income Group (MIG) and Low Income Groups (LIG) and Economically Weaker Section of Society (EWS), depending upon prevailing conditions and availability of water.  

Out of the 150 to 200 litre per head per day, 45 litre per head per day may be taken for flushing requirements and the remaining quantity for other domestic purposes.

B. Water Requirements for Buildings Other than Residences  

Sl.
No.
Type of Building Domestic Litres per head/ day Flushing Litres per head/ day Total Consumption Litres per head/ day
1. Factories including canteen where
bath rooms are required to be provided
30 15 45
2. Factories including canteen where no
bath rooms are required to be provided
20 10 30
3. Hospital (excluding laundry and kitchen):
a)    Number of beds not exceeding 100
230 110 340
300 150 450
10 5 15
  b)    Number of beds exceeding 100
c)    Out Patient Department (OPD)
     
4. Nurses’ homes and medical quarters 90 45 135
5. Hostels 90 45 135
6. Hotels (up to 3 star) excluding laundry, kitchen, staff and water
bodies
120 60 180
7. Hotels (4 star and above) excluding laundry, kitchen, staff and water
bodies
260 60 320
8. Offices (including canteen) 25 20 45
9. Restaurants  and food court including water requirement for kitchen:
a)  Restaurants
b)  Food Court
55 per seat 15 per seat 70 per seat
    25 per seat 10 per seat 35 per seat
10. Clubhouse 25 20 45
11. Stadiums 4 6 10
12. Cinemas, concert halls and theatres
and multiplex
5 per seat 10 per seat 15 per seat
13. Schools/Educational institutions:
a)  Without boarding facilities
b)  With boarding facilities
25 20 45
90 45 135
14 Shopping and retail (mall) a)  Staff  
b)  Visitors 
25    45
15 Traffic Terminal stations a) Airports  40 10  15
  b) Railway stations (Junction) with bathing facility  40 30 70
  c) Railway stations (Junction) without bathing facility  30 15 70
  d) Railway stations (Intermediate) with bathing facility  15 20 45
  e) Railway stations (Intermediate) without bathing facility  25 10 45
  f) Interstate bus terminals  25 20 25
  g) Intrastate Bus Terminals/Metro Stations  10 5 15

Notes: 1.  For calculating water demand for visitors, consumption of 15 litre per head per day may be taken.

2. The water demand includes requirement of patients, attendants, visitors and staff. Additional water demand for kitchen, laundry and clinical water shall be computed as per actual requirements.

3.  The number of persons shall be determined by average number of passengers handled by stations, with due considerations given to the staff and vendors who are using these facilities.

4.  Consideration should be given for seasonal average peak requirements.

5.  The hospitals may be categorised as Category A (25 to 50 beds), Category B(51 to 100 beds), Category C (101 to 300 beds), Category D (301 to 500) and Category E (501 to 750 beds). 

Annexure VIII 
Outline of Hydrogeological Report for obtaining NOC  

 

1. Brief about the proposed project giving location details, coordinates, google/ toposheet maps, etc. demarcating the project area.

2. Ground water situation in and around the project area including water level and quality data and maps along with quality issues, if any. In case of mines, ground water conditions in both core and buffer zone should be described.

3. Details of the tube wells/ bore wells proposed to be constructed. This includes the drilling depth, diameter, tentative lithological log, details of pump to be lowered, H.P. of pump, tentative discharge of tube wells/ bore wells, etc. Locations to be marked on the site plan/ map. Location of proposed piezometers.

4. Details of Geophysical studies carried out in and around the project area. Ground water resources computation of the block in which the project falls.

5. Approved Mine plan and detailed dewatering plan in case of mines.

6. Proposed usage of pumped water in case of mining/ infrastructure dewatering projects.

7. Comprehensive assessment of the impact on the ground water regime in and around the project area highlighting the risks and proposed management strategies proposed to overcome any significant environmental issues.  

8. Proposed measures for disposal of waste water by industries drawing saline water.  

9. Measures to be adopted for water conservation which include recycling, reuse, treatment, etc. This includes the water balance chart being adopted by the firm along with details of water conservation methods to be adopted.  

Brief write up along with capacity and flow chart of STP/ ETP/ CETP existing/ proposed within the project. 

Details of water conservation measures to be adopted to reduce/ save the ground water. 

Total water balance chart showing the usage of water for various processes.

10. Any other details pertaining to the project. 

Annexure IX  
Annual Water Audits by the industries (Source: CII) 

Water audit is a systematic process of objectively obtaining a water balance by measuring flow of water from the site of water withdrawal or treatment, through the distribution system, and into areas where it is used and finally discharged. Conducting a water audit involves calculating water balance, water use and identifying ways for saving water.   

Water audit involves preliminary water survey and detailed water audit. Preliminary water survey is conducted to collect background information regarding plant activities, water consumption and water discharge pattern and water billing, rates and water cess. After the analysis of the secondary data collected from the industry, detailed water audit is conducted, which involves the following steps:

• On-site training and discussion with facility manager and personnel

• Water system analysis

• Quantification of baseline water map

• Monitoring and measurements using pressure and flow meters and various other devices

• Quantification of inefficiencies and leaks

• Quantification of water quality loads and discharges

• Quantification of variability in flows and quality parameter

 • Strategies for water treatment and reuse or direct use  

A detailed water balance is finally developed. Water quality requirement at various user areas is mapped, which helps in developing ‘recycle’ and ‘reuse’ opportunities.  

The detailed water audit report contains the following:

• Water consumption and wastewater generation pattern

• Specific water use and conservation

• Complete water balance of the facility

• Water saving opportunities

• Method of implementing the proposals 

• Full description and figures

• Investment required 

Industries can undertake following measures for water conservation:

• Setting up of norms for water budgeting

• Modernization of industrial process to reduce water consumption

• Recycling water with a re-circulating cooling system

• Ozonation cooling water approach which can result in five fold reduction in blow down when compared to traditional chemical treatment

• Reduction in reuse of de-ionized water by eliminating some plenum flushes, converting from a continuous flow to an intermittent flow system and improving control on the use

• Use of wastewater for gardenin

 • Proper processing of effluents to adhere to the norms of disposal.  

Annexure X  
Measures to be adopted to ensure prevention from pollution in the plant premises of polluting industries/ projects 

It has been observed that ground water in and around polluting industries like Tannery, Slaughter Houses, Dye, Chemical, Coal washery,  other hazardous units, etc., is polluted. In order to prevent further deterioration of ground water quality, it is essential to take all necessary measures for well head protection. All industries/ projects falling under this category are hereby directed to follow the under mentioned procedure both for existing and new category.   

1. No tube well/ bore well / dug well should be constructed in the vicinity of the processing unit. Tube well/ bore well should be constructed at the place which is hygienically maintained

 2. Only Mild Steel pipe should be used for assembly/ casing and PVC (Poly Vinyl Chloride) or similar pipes should not be used. The tube well/ bore well having PVC or similar pipes should be abandoned and filled back. 

3.  Around the tube well/ bore well, RCC (Reinforced Concrete Cement) grouting of 3 meters (length) x 3 meters (width) x 2 meters (depth) must be provided. The pipe of the tube well/ bore well must be raised 1 meter above ground level (1 magl). The tube well/ bore well must be surrounded by RCC wall of 0.5 meter height and 1.5  meter depth to prevent any surface contamination to enter the constructed tube well/ bore well. Plan/Sectional diagram is enclosed for reference (Appendix 1 and 2).

4. The tube well/ bore well must be fitted with NRV (Non Return Valve) in order to ensure that the constructed tube well/ bore well is exclusively used for abstraction of ground water only.

5. At no point of time there should be any injection of any water or fluid into the constructed tube well/ bore well/ Piezometer

 6. The industries/ projects under this category should not implement any recharge measures within the plant premises.

7. Any tube well/ bore well located/ constructed in the vicinity of STP (Sewage Treatment Plant) or ETP (Effluent Treatment Plant) should be abandoned and filled back.

8. The piezometer to be constructed for monitoring purpose should follow the same procedure as that for tube well/ bore well for such industries/ projects.

9. Violations of norms of CPCB / SPCBs related to ground water pollution are likely to result in cancellation of NOC in addition to legal action as per rules.   

Annexure XI 
Outline of Compliance Report to be submitted with Application for Renewal of NOC Compliance report to be submitted along with application for  renewal after receipt of NOC from State/ UT Ground Water Authority  GWA should include: 1

1. Brief about the project with photographs if any.

2. Location details, coordinates, google/ toposheet maps, etc. demarcating the project area.

3. Compliance of conditions laid down in the  NOC.

4. Details of the tube wells/ bore wells constructed as per the NOC. Locations may  be marked on the site plan/ map. Photographs of the existing/ constructed tube wells/ bore wells may be attached. 

S.No. Item Details of  abstraction structures
1 No. of tube wells/ bore wells/ dug wells  
2 Total   ground   water   withdrawal
(m3/ day)
 

5. Photographs  of digital water meters  on the constructed wells by the firm. Monthly data indicating the quantum of ground water withdrawal.  

S.No. Month Meter reading on 1st day of the month Meter   reading on  last  day  of the month Water consumption during           the
month          (m3/ month)
Average           water
consumption        per day (m3/ day)
           

Ground water quality data of samples collected during April/ May for the tube wells/ bore wells and piezometers constructed within the project area.

6. Monthly Water level data for the piezometers  constructed within the project area.

7. Measures adopted for water conservation including recycle, reuse, treatment, etc. This includes  balance chart being adopted by the firm along with details of water conservation methods adopted by the firm including photographs of the same.  

 Brief write up along with capacity and flow chart of STP/ ETP/ CETP existing within the project. 

 Details of water conservation measures adopted to reduce/ save the ground water. 

 Total water balance chart showing the usage of water for various processes. 

 Photographs of the STP/ ETP implemented along with its optimal utilization.

8. Installation of piezometers (with photographs) with details indicating design, depth diameter, lithology, etc. along with monitoring schedule.  

S.No. Details PZ-1 PZ-2 PZ-3
1 Location Coordinates with layout plan showing the locations
2 Depth (m)      
3 Monitoring
schedule
     
4 Photographs  of piezometer with DWLR

9. Copy of NOC from State/ UT Ground Water Authority.

10. Water Audit Report

11. Compliance of recommendations as laid down in the Water Audit report.

12. Any other details pertaining to compliance of NOC. 

[F. No. 24011/6/2018-GW]

K. C. NAIK,  Chairman

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