7.Plant Materials



Colorful Plants to Brighten Up Your Landscape

Sweat Pea

As the name suggests, sweet pea is sweetly fragrant when blooming in spring. It’s also quite ornamental, thanks to the brightly hued pastel flowers of pink, purple and white. Give it something to ramble on and put it where you can enjoy the scent—by a garden gate or doorway, for instance. Sweet pea (Lathrys odoratus) is an annual vine growing about 3 feet tall.

VIBE ‘Ignition Purple’

VIBE ‘Ignition Purple’ is a Salvia and jamensis hybrid with both beauty and brawn. The vibrant purple blooms are prolific in spring and summer. But it also has excellent heat and humidity tolerance. “Ignition Purple” grows 18-24 in. tall and wide and is perfect for flower borders, cutting gardens and wildlife plantings. It is hardy in Zones 7-11. Plus: 

Viola

Although usually grown as an annual, violas are frost-tolerant and many overwinter successfully. Their compact size and free-flowering habit are a good fit for container gardening. There are a range of bright, festive colors, including white, lilac, purple, yellow and orange. This mix of lemon and peach colors is called Sunset Boulevard. Violas are available at your favorite local garden retailer. Plus, learn why the Florida state flower is idea for your landscape.

Coleus

Coleus (Solenostemon scutellariodes) isn’t just about variegation and it isn’t just about color. It’s about BOTH. The foliage has almost as many variegation patterns as it does color choices. And there are more named varieties introduced every year. Colors range from hues of green and yellow to red, pink, purple, bronze and orange—some solid, some variegated in beautiful patterns. These popular annual plants with colorful leaves typically grow 10 to 15 inches tall and also feature summer flowers. Plus: Learn how to create an amazing river rock flower bed.

Lavender

Lavender is one of the most colorful—and fragrant—herbs. The flowers dry nicely and are often put in potpourri or bundled in sachets and kept in a sock drawer. The plants with colorful leaves are also good at repelling mosquitos and flies in the garden. Lavender (Lavandula spp.) is easy to grow if the site is sunny and has well-drained, slightly alkaline soil. Most are hardy in Zones 5 or 6-9, depending on species.

Jolt Pink Dianthus

This dianthus features large, brightly colored fringed flower heads on strong stems. Dianthus typically prefers cooler spring temperatures, but Jolt Pink is heat-tolerant so it should perform well all summer long to make for beautiful yard flowers. It’s an easy-to-grow flower for those who like their container gardening neat and tidy. Jolt Pink is hardy from Zones 7-10, or grow it as an annual.

Sunflower

Some varieties of sunflowers grow to up to 10 ft. tall! Choose one that stays a reasonable height and you’ll enjoy showy flowers and tasty seeds.

Blackbeard Penstemon

This heat-, humidity- and cold-tolerant perennial is great at attracting hummingbirds. “Blackbeard” boasts white-accented lilac flowers rising above dark-purple, mounded foliage. It grows 28-34 in. tall and 2 ft. wide and blooms from early to midsummer and are great garden plants and flowers. Burgundy seedpods follow, extending the season of interest. “Blackbeard” is hardy in Zones 3-8.

Sedum

If you want some great flower bed plants, look at sedum. For a swath of rich color in a flowerbed, nothing works quite like sedum—and it’s a very common target for bees looking for a rich source of pollen. Plant seeds well apart and give them space to grow together over time.

‘Pretty Pistachio’ and ‘Appletini’ Coralbells

Primo “Pretty Pistachio” and Dolce “Appletini” (shown here) may be coralbells (Heuchera spp.), but they have enough pizzazz to hold interest by themselves, making them one of the best plants for container gardening. ‘Pretty Pistachio’ features medium-pink flowers rising above mounded chartreuse foliage all summer long. “Appletini” offers ruby-red flowers on dark-red stems from early to midsummer. Its light-green foliage is decorated with an intriguing silver overlay for added appeal. Both perennials are hardy in Zones 4-9, preferring part shade but accepting full shade. Available wherever Proven Winners plants are sold or from Walters Gardens.

Lamium

Lamium (Lamium maculatum) is an easy-going groundcover beloved for its two-tone leaves and small, yet colorful flowers in spring. Sometimes called spotted nettle, it features tiny snapdragon-like flowers in pink, purple or white. The flowers are a bonus, though. It’s the foliage that shines all season long with a number of different variegation patterns and colorful hues. Lamium is hardy in Zones 3 to 8, depending on cultivar and is among great landscaping bushes.

Russian Sage

This sun-loving, drought-tolerant perennial has a lovely fragrance. In the spring, cut back last year’s growth after new growth has started. This plant won’t take over your yard, but if you’re having problems with invasive plants, here’s how to stop them.

Very Berry Creeping Wintergreen

Very Berry creeping wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) is a tender perennial that’s hardy in Zones 6-9 but can be grown as an annual elsewhere. Very Berry offers glossy, dark leaves— the perfect backdrop for small, white, bell-shaped flowers in summer and bright-red, aromatic berries in early fall. The foliage later turns purplish, adding another bit of visual interest, so it’s great for container gardening. Available from Stokes Seeds.

Mint Julep Annual Geranium

Mint Julep could almost make you forget about flowers. Almost. Just look at the beautiful variegated foliage with broad swatches of white along the borders—that alone is reason enough to grow this geranium. By all means, enjoy the scarlet-red flower clusters throughout the summer. But when the time comes to deadhead your geraniums, despair not. You’ve still got the foliage. Mint Julep grows 1 ft. tall and wide and are great flower bed plants.

Bee Balm, Monarda

As the name implies, bees love the bee balm plant, and this spiky flower can provide some important exotic flavor to your yard. Unlike many of the garden plants and flowers on our list, the bee balm doesn’t mind wet soil and more marshy ground, making it more flexible when it comes to planting in clay or tougher soils.

Mock Orange

Mock orange (Philadelphus spp.) will captivate you two ways: with its clear-white flowers and yellow centers, and with its sweet perfume, cast in late spring when you’re out and about in the garden and can enjoy it. It’s one of the more striking landscaping bushes when in bloom, and a good background plant of 6-8 feet in height the rest of the season. It’s hardy in Zones 4-7.

Rosemary

One touch of rosemary and you’ll be in seventh heaven because it’s one of the best landscaping plants. Run the palm of your hand over the evergreen-like foliage and then hold your hand up to your nose. You might not want to wash after that—the fragrance is that good! Rosemary (Rosmarinus spp.) is an evergreen shrub in Zones 8 and above, a tender annual herb in colder areas. You can grow it in a pot and bring it indoors for the winter if you have a bright southwest-facing window. See other container plants.

Coralbells

Coralbells (Heuchera) are becoming the foliage queens of the shade garden and landscaping bushes, thanks to ever-more-colorful cultivars hitting the market. This mixture of “Berry Smoothie” and “Forever Purple” coralbells makes a dynamic combination in the low-care shade garden. Like other coralbells, they also feature tiny bell-shape blooms in summer. Coralbells are hardy in Zones 4 to 9, depending on cultivar.

ColorGrass Spiky Blue Corynephorus

This upright perennial grass reaches about 1 ft. tall and 8 in. wide, so it’s a natural as a groundcover or front-of-border plant. But the blue-gray spiky foliage is pretty enough to hold a container garden. Better yet, ColorGrass Spiky Blue is heat- and drought-tolerant, so it will hold up with minimal maintenance as landscaping bushes. Hardy in Zones 6-9, it can be treated as an annual in other areas. Seeds available from Stokes Seeds.

Milkweed

Don’t let the “weed” in milkweed bother you! Milkweed is a full-sun, drought-tolerant, perennial, also known as Butterfly Plant. It’s one of the best landscape plant ideas for a number of reasons. Milkweed attracts Monarch butterflies, which is another reason to plant it in your boulevard garden. It’s also a good idea to grow bee-friendly plants.

Gilded Sun Floribunda Rose

Yellow roses tend to bleach out in sunlight, losing their vivid color. If your looking for plants with colorful leaves, then look at Gilded Sun. Gilded Sun is a new introduction with non-fading yellow blooms atop large, glossy green leaves. Some older roses have problems with diseases such as black-spot, but Gilded Sun is exceptionally disease resistant. As for pests such as Japanese beetle, which are attracted to all roses, check out these tips. Gilded Sun has an upright, bushy form, reaching 4-5 ft. in height, 3-4 ft. in width. It is hardy in Zones 5-9.

Vernique Shining Seas Veronica

Vernique Shining Seas joins its sibling, Vernique Blue, as stellar outdoor plants worthy of any cottage-style garden and great landscaping bushes. While the latter has rich purple flowers in summer, Shining Seas (shown) offers bicolor spikes of lavender-blue flowers. Both grow 18 in. tall and 16 in. wide and are hardy in Zones 4-8. Like other veronicas, Shining Seas and Blue are deer- and rabbit-resistant, making them brilliant landscape plant ideas.

Scented Geraniums

Scented geraniums (Pelargonium spp.) are a delightful plant to have around the garden, even when they’re not blooming. The ornamental leaves have a wonderful fragrance to make it one of the great landscape plant ideas.. Depending on species, scents include rose, peppermint, pine, lemon, and apple-nutmeg. They can be grown like common geraniums—plenty of sun and a well-drained soil—and treated as annuals.

Purple Majesty Ornamental Millet

Here’s a plant with real stage presence when it comes to container gardening. Use it by itself or to back up smaller companions—just be sure to put it in a large pot. Purple Majesty ornamental millet (Pennisetum glaucum) grows 4-5 ft. tall and 8-12 in. wide. Its attractive foliage takes on a darker hue of purple in full sun to make it among the best flower landscape ideas. Purple Majesty is heat-tolerant and low-maintenance, and it offers interest from spring till early fall. In some climates, it holds on long enough to add winter interest as well. Seeds available from J.W. Jung Seed.

Nubia Clematis

The Boulevard series of clematis earn their stripes for a very simple reason: they have more blooms and a longer season of color as well among garden flower plants. Boulevard flowers up and down the entire vine, not just at the top. Nubia is a new introduction with dark red blooms. It grows 4-6 ft. tall and blooms in spring and summer. Like other clematis, Nubia is best enjoyed when it has something to climb on (see our copper trellis here). It is hardy from Zones 4-9.

Profusion Red Zinnia

Profusion zinnias are beloved for their compact size, disease resistance, and lasting blooms among garden flower plants. This newest addition to the series offers the same features but with a true red color that won’t fade in summer sunlight. A 2017 All-America Selections Winner, Profusion Red is the fourth color in the single flower series to win the coveted AAS Winner award. It looks great in borders and in container gardening. Seed available from J.W. Jung Seed.

Begonia

Begonias are a treat to grow—mostly because they’re so colorful, but also because they take more shade than most annual garden plants and flowers. The tuberous begonias shown here are a good example. They’re paired with creeping Jenny (Lysimachia), a perennial groundcover with nicely contrasting chartreuse foliage. Both like evenly moist soils and light shade during the summer.

Ornamental Peppers

These heat-loving summer annuals are full of bright, cheerful fruit to rival the showstopping power of flowers. Colors of the Salsa Mix (shown) include red, orange and yellow, but some ornamental peppers have purplish foliage and fruits. The compact size and nicely branched habit of ornamental peppers make them a natural for container gardening. They’ll have the most fruit in full sun but will take part shade. Plants and seeds are available at your favorite local garden retailer.

Honeysuckle

Honeysuckle needs no introduction: Famed for its scent and orchid-like flowers, honeysuckle is an amazing addition to any garden among garden flower plants. They come in bush or climber form based on the variety, which gives you a lot of options for placement (growing them around patios or decks is common for the fragrance). Like lilacs, honeysuckles can grow surprisingly large after a couple of years, so take note of space.

Dracula Celosia

Don’t be frightened: This Dracula isn’t dangerous. In fact, these plants are a lot of fun to have around! Dracula celosia is a novelty annual with large, unusually shaped flowers. The dark-purple flowers of this plant pair well with the purple-toned foliage, bringing eye-catching color and drama to the summer garden. It’s one of the great landscaping bushes around. See some other plants that have scary sounding names.

Cosmos

This pretty annual will grow almost anywhere. It has lacy foliage and also makes a good cut flower as one of the plants with colorful leaves.

Looking for a way to put your yard waste to good use? Check out these composting tips for an excellent solution.

Jacob’s Ladder

Jacob’s ladder (Polemonium caeruleum) is a treat to have around when clear blue flowers appear in late spring and early summer. Even without the flowers, it earns a spot in the shade garden with its finely divided variegated leaves and is a good bet for landscape plant ideas. Jacob’s ladder looks particularly good in a natural setting with woody plants, ferns, rocks and tree stumps. It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8.

Baby Cakes Blackberry

Who wants to use blackberry in container gardening? They’re thorny and gangly! Well, Baby Cakes is a dwarf blackberry without thorns. Its compact habit (maturing at 3-4 ft. tall and wide) is perfect for patio pots. Baby Cakes offers up large, tasty blackberries in summer and may produce an encore crop later in the season in some climates. It is hardy in Zones 4-8. In cold climates, mulch or bury the pot for winter protection. Available from Stark Bros.

Sedum

Perennial sedum will grow almost anywhere and makes it one of the best landscape plant ideas. Some varieties grow as a groundcover, while others have an upright growth habit. Many sedums provide winter interest, as well. If you need a place to channel excess water in your yard, consider creating this rain garden.

Chamomile

If you’re ready to relax, chamomile is the plant for you. Not only is the scent relaxing, but so is the tea made from chamomile (it’s often served to calm nerves and help with sleep). Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile), Zones 4-9, is a shorter groundcover, while German chamomile (Matricaria recutita), Zones 2-8,is more upright. Both have daisy-like flowers in summer.

Japanese Painted Fern

Japanese painted fern (Athyrium filix-femina) is a small, well-behaved fern that makes a graceful addition to the shade garden. It won’t grow too big or too rambunctious, so it’s on the short list of best landscaping plants. Instead, it beckons you to take a closer inspection of its multicolored foliage, which is an attractive mix of green, silver and maroon. Hardy in Zones 3 to 9, it grows 2 to 3 feet tall and wide.

Asters

Asters are perennials that grow in full sun and provide bright color in the fall. You’ll find pink, purple, blue and white plants that have a compact growth pattern. If you’re new to gardening, this collection of tips will get you off to a good start. There are even a few in there for seasoned gardeners!

Lilacs

Beautiful, fragrant lilacs are always a good idea if you have the space—and it’s not hard to see why bees love them, they’re some of the best landscaping plants. Lilacs love well-drained soils and the sun, and they grow into large bushes over time, so leave plenty of space for these bee friendly plants to grow when starting your garden.

Strawberry Blonde French Marigold

This Strawberry Blonde will turn heads all right—just look at all the multicolor blooms on one plant! The flowers open deep pink with rustic yellow highlights, then mature to straw yellow. It’s a completely different look, yet the typical marigold qualities (mounded form, heat tolerance) are still readily apparent. Strawberry Blonde grows 8-10 in. tall and 6-8 in. wide, so it’s great in containers. (Learn more about container gardening here.)

Hosta

A mainstay in shade gardens for decades, hosta still manages to attract new fans each year. And why not? The range of sizes, colors and variegations is staggering and makes hostas among the most popular landscape plant ideas. There is simply a hosta for everyone. No need to stick with the tried-and-true green varieties—not when there are chartreuse, blue and wildly variegated varieties at the ready. Some have small leaves, others large. All offer flowers in summer, but it’s the foliage that people love. Hosta is hardy in Zones 3 to 9.

Mesa Red Gaillardia

For a different twist on a popular outdoor plant, try Mesa Red gaillardia. Its intense red color won’t fade in the sun. This heat-tolerant perennial, sometimes grown as an annual, reaches 14-16 in. tall and 20-22 in. wide. It’s drought tolerant once established, and is great for pollinator gardens in particular. The Mesa series is also available in peach, yellow and bicolors if you’re looking for plants with colorful leaves.

Columbine

The fern-like green to gray-green foliage tells you this is a shade plant, but the bright bi-colored flowers look as if they belong in a sunny meadow. Indeed, columbine (Aquilegia) is an adaptable perennial that takes anything from full sun to shade. It seems to do best in part shade, where it can grab a few hours of sunlight each day. The intricate flowers come in a rainbow of colors and appear in late spring and early summer. Columbine is hardy in Zones 3 to 8 and is among the best garden flower plants

Lilies

With their elegantly shaped flowers, lilies make a wonderful addition to any garden. Add in the many bright colors, some of them two-tone, and the fact that many have an intoxicating scent as well, and you can see why lilies (Lilium spp.) are a beloved among garden flower plants and cut flower. They’re also simple to grow—if you can keep the rabbits away. 

‘Emerald Lace’ Plectranthus

This drought-tolerant tropical is better known as a houseplant, but it can be used in outdoor container gardening, too. Let it vacation outdoors in summer in a shady spot by itself or with companions. The textured, variegated leaves are silver-gray and green, providing eye appeal all on their own. But they’re topped by delicate white flowers in late summer.

Spiderwort

Spiderwort’s narrow, grasslike foliage is a nice complement to hosta’s traditional wide-leaf look. And while it may not have the variegation choices of hosta, it does have some pretty fine-looking blue-purple flowers from midsummer to fall. Spiderwort (Tradescantia) is also tough, needing no help to grow or protection from deer. If anything, it can become a bit thuggish if left to its own devices. Best to divide plants occasionally to make room for other landscaping plants. Or plant it in a shade garden where it can’t take over. Spiderwort is hardy in Zones 4 to 11 and one of the plants with colorful leaves you can add.

Hyacinth

Looking for something a little more bold and beautiful? Hyacinth is popular among bee species and is a great way to build up a flower bed worthy of showing off. Additionally, hyacinth plants are quite adaptable in terms of where they can grow, as long as the soil is well-drained. Plant these bulbs in autumn for best results.

Berries

Blueberries, strawberries, raspberries…if you like growing berries in your yard, keep in mind that as long as they flower, the bees will like them, too. Note that not all varieties of berries will produce edible berries, especially in the first year of growth, so plan appropriately if you have your eye on the food aspect.

Turtlehead

Turtlehead (Chelone) has hooded flowers in hues of red, rose, pink and violet from late summer to fall—a fine time to welcome newly arriving flowers to the shade garden. Meet some more late-season performers. It prefers moist soils and will take anything from full sun to shade. Part shade seems to suit it best. Turtlehead is hardy in Zones 3 to 8 and one of the easier plants with colorful leaves to add.

Zinnia

Easy to grow, tenacious, and vibrantly colored, these annuals are also long bloomers and gorgeous cut flowers. They’re garden flower plants that everyone loves.

Consider adding stepping stones to your boulevard garden. Here’s one DIY stepping stone project that’s fun to do with kids. 

 

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Different Plant Types

Annuals

Eustoma Russellianum

Marigold

Nasturtium

Given their name, annuals are plants that complete their entire life cycle throughout the course of one season. Traditionally used by landscapers to add a seasonal flare to flowerbeds, planters, containers or the sides of homes, these prolific bloomers tend to die shortly after flowering. Examples of annuals include marigold, begonia, petunia and nasturtium.

Biennials

Onion

Canterbury Bells (Campanula Medium)

Foxglove (Digitalis)

Less common than annuals or perennials are biennials. Biennials live for two years, producing foliage their first year and flowers their second. Flowering biennials include hollyhocks, foxglove and Canterbury bells, although most biennials are actually vegetables as opposed to flowering plants. Some popular examples of biennials include carrot, cauliflower, beet, Brussel sprout, onion, rutabaga, parsnip, leeks, collards, celery, cabbage and many other herbs and vegetables. Biennials will produce food their first year but don’t complete their growing cycle and drop seed until the second season.

 Perennials

Coral Bells (Heuchera)

Echinacea

Strawberry

Technically defined as a plant that lives for more than two years, perennials provide variety alongside vibrantly colored annuals. Perennials remain in the ground year around.  While they do die down each fall, their foliage and flowers return each growing season.  Among the most popular perennials we see in Oregon are echinacea, salvia, rudbeckia, hostas, hellebore, anenome and dahlias.

 Bulbs

 Calla Lillies

Tulips

Hyacinths

If you are new to gardening, bulbs may be a great way to start. That’s because bulbs are some of the easiest plants to grow! Bulbs are great for providing bright, vibrant color – and they hardly require any effort. As bulbs self-propagate, they will spread quickly throughout whatever bed they are placed in. Tulips and daffodils are arguably the two most popular bulbs, though there are hundreds of colorful bulbs to choose from for your garden.

Evergreens

Rhododendron

Japanese Yew

Nordmann Fir Tree

Evergreens are defined as plants that retain their leaves year-round. They are great for adding color to a winter garden! Mostly thought of as trees, such as pine, spruce, cedar and fir, evergreens actually come in a range of different plant types. Magnolia, hollies and eucalyptus are considered evergreens. Blooming shrubs like laurels, azaleas, camellias, rhododendrons and gardenias are also considered evergreens since they retain their leaves year-round dependent on their planting zone. Evergreen plants are commonly used in landscape designs and make for great foundational plants.

 Deciduous

Birch Tree

Magnolia

Japanese Maple Tree

Deciduous plants act opposite to evergreen plants, whereas evergreen plants retain their leaves year- round, deciduous trees and shrubs will shed them each and every year. Deciduous trees are the ones to thank for the leaves on the ground every fall, as they shed to prepare for a dormant winter season. They will then grow a new canopy of leaves in spring.

 Vines

Clematis

Morning Glory

Hops

Vines are the acrobats of the gardening world! Vines are climbing plants that allow you to take your garden to new heights – no pun intended. Great along walls, fences and/or archways, vines can certainly add an extra dynamic to your garden. Most vines are perennials, coming back year after year to cover their supporting structure(s) with blooms, fruit and leaves. Not all vines are perennials; some vines are actually annuals such as the case of nasturtium or morning glory.

 Groundcovers

Bishop’s Weed

Common Bearberry

Thyme

If your yard is steep and impossible to plant in or if you are having trouble finding something to cover those bare patches of your yard under a tree, look no further – groundcover plants are your answer! Groundcovers are often a solution to landscaping woes many gardeners face. These plants are incredibly low growers, meaning they will never reach any surmountable height. After being planted, they will creep along the ground quickly in order to form a dense mat that’s resistant to weeds. Groundcovers are great for your garden, and they usually produce beautiful flowers as well.

Aquatic Plants

Lemna

Fairy Moss

Blue Lotus

Do you have a pond, fountain, water garden or lake in your landscape? If you do, it could be fun to experiment with aquatic plants. Not only will they make your body of water look incredible, they will also help to purify and oxygenate the water in which they grow, making them great for fish! Aquatic plants can range from being completely submerged to floating on the water’s surface.

Shrubs

Viburnum

Azalea

Syringa (Lilac)

Compact, dense and incredibly popular, shrubs are made of both evergreen and deciduous plants. Popular shrubs include barberry, azaleas, lilacs and viburnum. Their small stature makes shrubs the perfect choice for foundational planting around your home, garden or workplace. Shrubs also add a great deal of color, making them great for container gardening techniques. It’s important to trim shrubs after they have finished flowering for the season.

 Grasses, Rushes & Sedges

Bamboo

Juncus

Lake Sedge

Grasses, rushes and sedges are loosely referred to as ornamental grasses, however they each belong to a different plant family entirely. Each family has varying sun and moisture requirements, making them entirely different to deal with as a gardener or landscape designer. The easiest way to differentiate between the three is by observing the shape of the stems. Grass stems will be round or hollow, rush stems are usually round or flat and sedge stems are triangular. Most grasses are going to prefer full-sun locations with well-drained soil. Sedges are best for dank, shady areas. Rushes prefer the dampest of all three plant types, typically found growing by a body of water’s edge.

Cacti & Succulents

Aloe Vera

Echinocactus Grusonii

Asparagus

Succulents can store water in their leaves, stems and roots to thrive in even the world’s most inhospitable climates. Great for desert landscapes and the increasingly popular xeriscaping technique, these water-saving plants are not only good looking, but great for the planet. Their habitat requirements are loose sandy soil, infrequent rain and year-round warm to hot temperatures.

Tropicals

Palm Tree

Tiger’s Claw (Erythrina)

Baobab Tree

The Tropics are home to some of the world’s most incredible plants due to their warm climate and heavy rains throughout the year. Given their distinct look, many landscape designers and gardeners alike have begun to incorporate them into the gardens they work on. Just look at all the Palm Trees we have been selling from our Glenwood Corner Store Nursery! Unfortunately for us gardeners that love tropical plants in Oregon, most tropical plants are no longer hardy past Zone 8.

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