SAFETY AND SERVICES
PART - III STRUCTURAL SAFETY AND SERVICES
28. Structural design of foundations, masonry, timber, plain concrete, reinforced ,concrete, prestressed concrete and structural steel shall be carried out in accordance with part VI Structural designs, section l-loads, Sections 2-Foundation, section 3-Wood Section 4-Masonry, Section 5-Concrete, Section 6-steel, of National Building Code of India.
29. Quality of Materials and Workmanship shall be of good quality conforming generally to accepted standards of Public Works Department of Jharkhand and India Standard Specifications and Codes as included in Part VIII Constructional Practices and Safety of National Building Code of India.
30. Building Services:
30.1 The planning, design and installation of electrical installations, air conditioning and heating work, installation of lifts and escalators shall be carried out in accordance with part VIII Building Services, Section 2-Electrical installations, Section 3-Air conditioning and Heating, Section 5-Installation of lifts and Escalators of National Building Code of India.
31. Plumbing Services:
31.1 The Planning, design,. construction and installation of water supply, drainage and sanitation and gas supply systems shall be in accordance with Part IX Plumbing Services Section 1-Water supply, Section
2- Drainage and Sanitation and Section.
3- Gas supply of National Building code of India.
31.2 Requirements of water supply in Buildings: The requirements of water supply for various occupancies shall be as given in National Building code of India.
31.3 The sanitary fittings and installations for different occupancies shall be as given in national building code of India depending on the land use zone and the use permitted.
32 Signs and outdoor Display Structures
32.1 The display of advertising signs on building and land shall be in accordance with Part X-Signs and Outdoor Display Structures of National Building Code of India.
32.2 The type, design and construction of street furniture including Bus shelters shall be to the satisfaction of the RMC.
33. Bye-Laws for plots in New Area.
33.1 Sub-division of land: The sub-division of land is normally for five uses. 1. Residential
(4) Community facilities and
(5) Parks and playgrounds. Details for individual land use sub-division is given under bye-law nos. 33.2 to 33.5.
The residential streets shall be divided into three categories based on their use and proposed traffic requirements:
(1) Service Roads,
(2) Collector Roads,
(3) Other roads either proposed in the Regional plan Master Plan, Zonal Development Plan and Development
Plan or required due to local requirements; The planning requirements for the above are given below:
(i) Service Roads:
(a) The minimum width of a service road shall be 7.5m. This service road can serve up to a length of 300m. This will be measured from one wider street to another wider street. If the 7.50m. road ends as a dead end depth of the turn around should be of 15 M. or an equivalent area in another form permitting turn around. No turn around is required if the number of plots served by such road is less than three.
(b) A road which is longer than 300M or serves up to 100 plots/houses or extendable to new areas shall be 12m. wide.
(c) All junctions of service roads shall have sufficient weaving angle. In no case it shall be less than the space arrived at by drawing a quadrant of a circle of 4.5m radius at the edge of the actual road lines leaving the width of pedestrian walks (foot path) and the plot boundaries shall be rounded of by drawing a quadrant of the circle of 2.7m radius at the edge of plot boundaries. It can also be provided but cut in place of rounded corners to be determined by the RMC.
(ii) Other roads :- Arterial/Semi-arterial Roads : The widths of roads shall be as per the Master plan.
(iii) Service lane: In row type of houses and in such areas where sewerage system does not exist a service lane of width 3.5m. shall be provided. The length of such service lane shall be not more than 300m.
33.2.3 Conditions of planning:
The service roads shall be so laid out that their use for thorough traffic is automatically discouraged. In no case a service road can be permitted, to be used as thorough traffic.
Where a subdivision abuts on certain major existing or proposed road the RMC may require service road alongside the major road or may provide roads with no access to adjacent properties or such other treatment as may be necessary for adequate protection of residential property and to effect separation of thorough and local traffic.
33.3 Commercial, business and industrial:
33.3.1 The maximum length permissible for different classification of roads in areas other than residential shall be as indicated below. No roads in these areas shall be less than 12 meter in width.
Class of Width Maximum length Roads permissible M. M. 1. 12 200 2. 18 600 3. 24 and 600 above The width of all Master Plan road shall be as per the width prescribed in the Master Plan.
Alleys shall be provided in commercial and industrial area except where RMC may relax this requirement or when assured provision is made for service access such as off street loading/ unloading and parking consistent with and adequate for the use provided. The width of alleys where provided shall not be less than 6M and no dead end alley shall be permitted unless provided with an adequate turn around facilities.
33.3.3 Junctions :
The layout shall be provided at the junctions of roads in such a way that as far as possible all roads do meet at right angle. Roads meeting at less than that shall not be permitted unless adequate arrangements for the circulation of traffic with desirable weaving length is available.
33.4 Parks/Playgrounds :
33.4.1 The open space in a residential area should be in proportion to the density of that area. To work out an over-all open space exclusively for a active recreation and breathing space the requirement shall be worked out on proposed population density of the area. The requirement of open space shall be divided according to the purpose i.e., tot lot, parks, play field etc. The following criteria may be adopted for arriving at open spaces depending upon density: - Density/per Density/per Open space Acre Hectare in percentage 100 250 15% 150 325 16% 200 500 22% 250 and 625 and 25% above above The open spaces provided in the proposed land use plan of a Master Plan or a Regional Plan shall be over and above this open space and shall be counted under the density ratio mentioned above. In towns where a Master Plan or a Regional Plan has not been prepared, the demarcation and extent of town level open spaces shall be determined by the RMC in consultation with Chief Town Planner.
33.5 Community facilities:
33.5.1 The extent of community facilities to be provided depending upon population and various occupancies shall be as given in National Building Code of India.
33.5.2 National Building Code of India based on population shall also be the guide line to work out different requirements of a subdivision plan. The density proposed in the Master Plan shall guide the development to work out the actual population of an area. In town where a Master Plan or a Regional Plan has not been prepared, the density pattern for the area shall be determined by the RMC in consultation with Chief Town Planner.
33.5.3 An application can be made to the RMC on prescribed application form as given in Appendix ‘K’ to obtain the proposals of Master Plan or zonal plan for a land in which an applicant may be interested for preparation of sub-division proposed to develop the area. The RMC shall supply to the applicant such information as may be necessary for him to prepare a sub division plan for his land in accordance with the Zonal Development Plan or the Master Plan, Regional Plan or any proposed land use or density pattern as the case may be within thirty days from the date of receipt of such application by the RMC.
33.6 Layout of Plots:
33.6.1 Subject to the limitations laid down under the Urban Land (Ceiling and Regulation) Act. 1976, the plots in residential area shall be laid out based on the following criteria: Plot Size Development Scheme Upto 250 sq. m Row housing Exceeding 250 sq.m. Semi-detached building & up to 500 sq. m. Above 500 sq. m. Detached building NOTE: Plots which are of 6m. to 9m. width shall be developed as row housing schemes.
34. Bye-laws for plots in Built-up area.
34.1 The Subdivision of plots in existing built up area, in which the greater part has been developed as a business, industrial or residential area and which has been provided with all essential facilities like roads, water supply, sewerage, electricity etc. The norms laid down in Bye-law 34.2 to 34.3 shall apply. For the purpose of reckoning an area as built up area, the colonies whether existing or new including the land contiguous therewith shall be excluded.
34.2 If the area to be sub-divided as less than l acre or 0.4 hectare then the minimum width of roads and access ways for internal development shall be 6.0m. In case the plot faces a road less than 6.0 m. in width, then the plot boundary at the front shall be set back, so that the distance from the centre line of road to the new plot boundary is not less than 3 m.
34.3 If the area to be subdivided is more than 1 acre or 0.4 hectare, then the minimum width of roads and access ways for internal
development shall be 7.5m. and shall be further subjected to the provisions of byelaw 33.2. In case the plot faces a road less than 7.5m. in width, then the plot boundary at the front shall be set back, so that the distance from the centre line of the road to the new plot boundary is not less than 3.75m.